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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Flashbulb memories
images that seem to be frozen in memory at times of personal tragedy, accidents, or other emotionally significant events
Long-term memory
memory system used for relatively permanent storage of meaningful information
Disuse
memory weakens when not used or retrieved
Memory
is the ability to recall past events, images, ideas, or previously learned information or skills; is also the storage system that allows a person to retain and retrieve previously learned information
Constructive processing
reorganizing or updating memories on the basis of logic, reasoning, or the addition of new information
Recall
reproducing memorized information with a minimum of external cues
Consolidation
when memories move from short-term to long-term memory
Sesory memory
the first stage of memory, which holds incoming information for just a few seconds
Pseudo-memories
false memories that a person belives are real
Recognition
memory in which previously learned material is correctly identified
Short-term memory
the memory system used to hold small amounts of information for relatively brief time periods.
Maintenance rehearsal
information to be stored in short-term memory
Decay
fading or weakening of memories overtime
Relearning
learning again something that was previously learned
Interference
the tendency for new memories to impair the retrieval of older ones
Repression
unconsciously pushing unwanted memories out of awareness
Suppression
a conscious effort to keep something from awareness
Encoding failure
failure to store sufficient information to form a useful and retrievable memory