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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Behavioral genetic
Major work by Darwin (late 1800s)
Emphasizes
The interaction between genetic and environmental influences
Seen in the nature (genetic) vs nurture (environmental) debate
Psychodynamic
Develops from Freud’s psychoanalysis (early 1900s)
Find some value in Freud’s work but updated and not sexist
Emphasizes
Unconscious drives and conflicts
Child development and trauma
Sexual drives and aggression
Behavioral
• Major work by Watson and Skinner (early 1900s)
• Emphasizes
o Behavior modification due to reinforcements and punishments
Humanistic
• Major work by Maslow and Rogers (1960s)
• Emphasizes
o Uniqueness of each person
o Motivation to reach our full potential
Cognitive
• Major work by Piaget (1960s)
• Emphasizes
o Role of thoughts in influencing behaviors
o Focus on memory, language, reasoning, and intelligence
Neuroscience
• Recent growth due to better technology
• Emphasizes
o Role of the body, particularly central nervous system, in cognition and emotion.
Evolutionary
• Sparked by Darwin (late 1800s), has moved in and out of importance
• Emphasizes
o Ways thoughts and behaviors are adaptive. Mostly in terms of survival and reproduction.
Social-Cultural
• Recent growth stimulated by cultural changes
• Emphasizes
o Influence of social situations and cultural norms on thoughts and behaviors
o Human diversity
Psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes
Science
o Uses objective methods
o Follows ethical guidelines
Behavior
any observable action ex puff on a cigarette, words spoken, heart rate, brain waves
Mental processes
inferred by observing behaviors ex. Problem solving, memory, dreaming, imagination
History of psychology
• Came out of philosophy and physiology
• First laboratory in 1879, in Germany
• 2 early perspectives which later faded
o Structuralism
o Functionalism
Functionalism
how do thoughts and behaviors function?
Structuralism
What are thoughts made of?