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20 Cards in this Set

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Behaviorism
John Watsons view that a science or theory of development must study observable behavior only and investigate relationships between stimuli and response
Child
A person undergoing development from infancy through puberty
Cognitive Developmental Theory
The stage theory that holds that the childs abilities to mentally represent the world and solve problems unfold as a result of the interaction of experience and maturation of neurological structure
Correlation method
Mathematical method researchers use to determine whether one behavior or trait being studied is related to another
Cross-Sectional Research
Studies children of different ages at the same point in time
Development
Processes by which organisms unfold features and traits, grow, and become more complex and specialized in structure and function
Ecology
Branch of biology that deals with the relationship between the organism and their enviorment
Ecological Systems Theory
View that explains child development in terms of the reciprocal influences between childrean and settings that make their enviorment
Empirical
Based on observation and experimentation
Experiment
Method of scientific investigation to discover cause and effect relationships by introducing independent variables and observing their effects on dependent variables
Growth
Processes by which organisms increase in size, weight, strength, and other traits
Hypothesis
A specific statement about behavior is tested by research
Longitudinal Research
Study of developmental processes by taking repeated measures of the same group of children at various stages of development
Maturation
Unfolding of genetically determined traits, structures, and functions
Nature
Processes within an organism that guide that organism to develop according to genetic code
Nurture
Processes external to an organism that nourish it as it develops according to its genetic code or that cause it to swerve from its genetically programmed course. Enviormental factors may influence development
Psychosexual Development
In psychoanaylytic theory the process by which libidinal energy is expressed through different erogenous zones during different stages of development
Psychosocial Development
Eriksons theory which emphasizes the importance of social relationships and concious choice throughout the eight stages of development
Social Cognitive Theory
A cognitively oriented learning theory that emphasizes observational learning in the determining of behavior
Stage Theory
Theory of development characterized by hypothesizing the existence of distinct period of life. Stages follow one another in an orderly sequence