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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Sociology students are asked to participate in an experiment. The researcher gives them a paper which is likely to be about
informed consent
a. demographic data
b. purpose of the study
3. informed consent
The developmental domain that includes the individual's aquisition of stable and enduring traits and sense of self is the
personality domain
a. cognitive domain
b. personality domain
c. sociocultural domain
In child development there are
critical periods and sensitive periods
a. critical periods and sensitive periods
b. critical periods only
c. sensitive periods only
Cohort effects are concerned with people of different
age groups
a. economic groups
b. religious groups
c. age groups
Which social scientist conducted the Little Albert experiment?
J.B. Watson
a. Albert Bandura
b. J.B.Watson
c. B.F. Skinner
Until the middle ages, children were treated as
miniature adults
a. not useful for work
b. miniature adults
c. equal with adults
Human development is a process that
begins at birth and ends at death
a. begins at birth and ends at death
b. begins at conception and ends at birth
c. begins at birth and ends at adulthood
In a human development context, culture is
beliefs, norms, practices, and ethnicity
a. fads, fashion and trends
b. values, ideas and opinions
c. beliefs, norms, practices, and ethnicity
In a human development context, society is
an organized group of interacting people
a. a geographic group with loose interactions
b. an organized group of interacting people
c. separate groups that live in the same area
The assumption that what we hold as beliefs or customs is right and that other views are wrong is called
ethnocentric bias
a. ethnocentric bias
b. heliocentric belief
c. philanthropic tendency
Which type of research gathers a large amount of data on an individual, family or community as the basis?
case study
a. longitudinal study
b. survey
c. case study
Which type of research uses the paper-and-pencil method to gather information on a group?
survey
a. longitudinal study
b. survey
c. case study
An internet survey open to anyone is an example of data that is
not random or representative
a. representative
b. random
c. not random or representative
Maturation and learning function
independently and together
a. independently
b. independently and together
c. always together
Systematic observations can be done in a naturalistic setting such as
children in a playground
a. children in a playground
b. children who know the reseacher is watching
c. children who are guided in an activity by the teacher
If a test measures what it claims to measure, then it is
valid
a. reliable
b. valid
c. standardized
If a test measures effectively in repeated use, it is
reliable
a. reliable
b. valid
c. standardized
A test that has norms based on a representative sample is
standardized
a. reliable
b. valid
c. standardized
A study that tracks the achievement of a special group of children from first grade through high school graduation is a
longitudinal design
a. cross-sectional design
b. longitudinal design
c. sequential-cohort design
A study of the average SAT scores of students admitted to a certain state university system in 2000, 2002, and 2004 is a
cross-sectional design
a. cross-sectional design
b. longitudinal design
c. sequential-cohort design
A study of reading progress for kindergarteners and first graders in which each group is studied two years over a ten year period is a
sequentional-cohort design
a. cross-sectional design
b. longitudinal design
c. sequential-cohort design
What element is manipulated in a group experimental design?
independent variable
a. dependent variable
b. independent variable
c. contingency
What element may or may not show an effect as a result of manipulation by another element?
dependent variable
a. dependent variable
b. independent variable
c. contingency
In research with human subjects, participants must be protected from
harm
a. discomfort
b. knowing the purpose
c. harm
The observed behavior before the experiment begins is the
baseline
a. contingency
b. baseline
c. conditioning