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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
our awarness of ourselves and our environment
consciousness
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus as in the cocktail party effect
selective attention
biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24 hour cycle
circadian rhythm
rapid eye movement sleep, a reoccuring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur
REM
sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into sleep, often at inpportune times
Narcolepsy
sleep disorder charactierized by temporary cessatoins of breathing during sleep and consquent momentary reawakenings
sleep apnea
supposed inability to recall what one experienced during hypnosis; induced by the hypnotists suggestion
posthypnotic amnesia
diminsihing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drugs effect
tolerance
freud-remembered storyline of a dream
manifest content
freud- underlying meaning of a dream, functions as a saftey value
latent content
relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to experience
learning
type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an UCS begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the UCS
classical conditioning
type of learning in which behavior is strengthed if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher
operant conditioning
dimininshing of a conditional response
extinction
reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
spontaneous recovery
operant conditioning-any event that strenghtens the behavior it follows
reinforcer
classical conditioning-learned ability to distinguish btwn. a conditiond stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an UCS
discrimination
operant conditioning, procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of a desirde goal
shaping
event that decreases the behavior that it follows
punishment
tendency once a response has been conditioned for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
generalization
idea that animals can learn from experience with or without reinforcement
latent learning
learning by observing others
observational learning
process of getting info out of memory storage
retrieval
holds a few items briefly, such as the 7 digits of a phone number while dialing, before the info is stored of forgotten
short term memory
relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of memory system
long term memory
immediate initial recording of sensory info in teh memory system
sensory memory
measure of memory in which the person must retrieve info learned earlier as on a fill in the blank test
recall
tendency for distributed study or practice to yeiled better long term retentio nthan is acieved through massed study or practice
spacing effect
attributing to the wrong source an event that we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. At hear with many false memories
source amnesia
tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with ones current goodor bad mood
mood congruent memory
activation, often unconsciously, of particular assocations in memory
priming
measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple choice test
recognition
retention independent of conscious recollection
implict memory
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know an "declare"
explicit memory
processing of info into the memory system-by extracting meaning
encoding
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represents stimulus energies from our environment
sensation
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory info enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events
perception
several aspects of a problem stimultaneously; brains natural mode of info processing for many functions, including vision . Step by step processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving
parallel processing
minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50% of the time
absolute threshold
minimum difference btwn. two stimuli required for detection 50% of the time. We experience teh difference threshold as a just noticeable difference
difference threshold