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39 Cards in this Set

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Endomorph
round- love food and comfort
Ectomorph
thin- fragile, smart, shy
mesomorph
muscular and powereful
Freud
psycho dynamics.
*different aspects of personality
*major influences
*emphasized on getting into dreams
Structures of Personality
1. id- just want satisfaction

2. ego- self, caught in between id and superego

3. super ego- conscious
erogenous zones from id
1. oral 0-18mos
2. anal 18-36mos.
3. phallic 3-5yo.
4. latent
5. genital
Phallic
Boys- Oedipus complex
have sex with mom and get rid of dad!
Girls- Electra complex
have sex with dad and get rid of mom.
Fixation
stays on a certain level because they liked it or not enough.
regression
progress normally through the phases but goes back to a certain one
Fixation
*oral
*anal[messy/picky]
*phallic[show off]
Ego-defense mechanisms
1. identification
2.displacement
3. sublimation
4.repression
5. projection
6.reaction formation
7. rationalization
8.denial
big list
identification
someone else is getting what you want. You identify with that person and then you feel ok.
ex. buy clothes like famous people to be closer to/like them.
displacement
directing behaviors to other targets.
ex. mad at boss so go home and hit wall
sublimation
convert feeling to something more socially accepted.
ex. like looking at naked people, so become an artist and paint nakeds
repression
keep feelings blocked from consious
denial
external that you want to push back into unconscious
projection
see a trait in another persn that you have
reaction formation
you act the opposite from what you feel
*little boy likes little girl but he's mean to her*
rationalization
you come up with something that makes you sound good and makes you look good.
Neo-Freudians
new people who follow and modify Freaud's ideas
*Jung
Trait perspective
50% geneticly passed down
the BIG 5!
1.introversion
2.emotionally instability
3.disagreeableness
4.conscientiousness- keeps plans
5.open to new experiences-skydive!
Behavioral
traits learned from experiences or from punishment or rewards
*learning observational*
Personality tests
2 types
Freudian and trait inventories
projective tests
Rorschach- ink blots
TAT- Thematic Apperception
*cards with theme on them
asked to describe what's on them
trait inventories
*MMPI-500 t/f questions
*Validity scale- questions to catch people who are lying
major psychological disorders
*Organic- known is due to something physical or chemicly in the body.

*Functional- no know organic cause. Phobias
abnormal disorders-has to meet 4 criteria
*uncommon
*different
*personal distress
*malodaptive
DSM IV
-diagnostic and statistical Manual
17 major categories of disorders
Rosenhans- labeling
tried to get accepted into a mental institution but once they got in, they started to act normal. the nurses started to report false things due to labeling.
disorders
Psychoses-
Schizophrenia
Neuroses- just a little off..
Anxiety disorders(neuroses)- can develop at any time in life.
*generalized-all the time
*phobia- only a class of objects or situation causes extreme anxiety
*OCD
*Post Tramatic Stress Disorder
-panic attacks
Somatoform disorder- physical situation causes psy. problem
Conversion disorder- hysterical blindness
Hypochondriac- always think they're sick
Dissociative disorder
*psychogenic amnesia- memory is fragmented from current time.
*dissociative fugue- wonder off and forget who they are or where they live
*Multiple personalities
Schizophrena (psychoses)
found in 1-2% of the pop.
50% of the people in mental inst.
disorders of- perception, thinking, and emotion.
most common- hallucinations
often bad voices and problems with attention.
Paranoid schizophrena
hallucinations that are out to get them
Catatonic Schizophrena
don't move. hold one position for a long time. Don't see this anymore, probably because of medicine.
2 risk factors
*genetic
*fetal mishap
Major Depression
Unipolar & Bipolar