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18 Cards in this Set

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Sender
The person who initiates the message. Each person brings a unique set of expectations and understandings to each communication situation. Must encode their own ideas or feelings in order to send to the receiver.
Receiver
The person to whom the message is targeted. Charged with decoding a speakers message into their own ideas or feelings.
Message
Information or meaning that is transmitted from the sender to the receiver. The ideas and feelings conveyed to another person. Two important cognative processes underlie the transmission of ideas and feelings into symbols:Speakers encode or transform a message. Receivers decode or translate a speakers's message into their own ideas and or feelings.
Channel
The sensory channel through which the message reaches the receiver.
Context
The environment in which the communication takes place.
Nonverbal Communication is multichanneled
Multichanneled, and typically involves simultaneous messages sent through a number of channels.
Nonverbal communication is ambiguous
It can be difficult to know if nonverbal messages are being sent intentionally, and they are very much more open to interpretation than spoken language.
Barriers to Effective Communication
1)Defensiveness
2)Motivational Distortion
3)Self-Preoccupation
4)Game-Playing
5)Collusion
Social Diffusion
The diffusion of responsibility through the perception of deindividualization.
Evaluation Apprehension
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Paralanguage
All vocal cues other than message content
Communication Apprehension
1)Avoidance
2)Withdrawl
3)Disrutption
4)Excessive Communication
Cohabitation
Living together in a sexually intimate relationship without the legal bonds of marriage.
Intimate Violence
Aggression towards those who are in close relationship to the aggressor.
Child Abuse
Intentional actions that result in harm to a child's physical or psychological well-being.
Child Sexual Abuse
Coerced or tricked sexual interaction between a young person (usually defined as under 18) and an older person usually defined as someone five years older than the younger person.
John Gottman
Preeminent authority on marital communication; identified four ocmmunication patterns that are risk factors for divorce: contempt, criticism, defensiveness, and stonewalling. Eventually added a fifth pattern; delligerence.
Bernard Murstein
Proposed the stimulus-value-role theory of mate selection, which outlines the three stages through which couples generally proceed as they move toward marriage.