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30 Cards in this Set

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evolutionary psychology
study how natural selection favored behavioral tendencies that contributed to the survival and spread of our ancestor's genes
natural selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will mostly likely be passed on to succeeding generations
Critiques
1. evolutionary psychologist starts work from the effect and works back to cause 2. reinforces male/female stereotype 3. ignores the fact of socialization
genetic sex
xx or xy, women have a xx gene
gonadel sex
whether you have ovaries or testes
hormonal sex
androgen or estrogen
genital sex
penis or vagina
gender identity
personal source for male or female is a psychological sense
gender roles
determined by what a man or woman is supposed to do a set of expected behaviors for males and for females
gender typing
process by which you learn your sex roles
chromosomes
23 pairs in each cell of our body, except sex cells which have 23 cells, on the genes
DNA
different with three examples
1. identical twins
2. clones
3. hypothetical
genes
located along the chromosomes, smallest known heredity
alleles
a form of a gene
homozygous
same allele from mom and from dad
heterozygous
different allele from mom than from dad
polygenic
more than one gene, many characteristics, have at least 3 genes in eye color
multifactorial
more than one factor determining a trait: genes & environment
recessive
the one that isn't dominant
dominant
one that will be dominant(manifested) over a different color
genotype
your underline make up
phenotype
your manifested characteristics
interaction
popular word that is used for when our genes work together
reaction range
looking at the highest possible and lowest possible of a particular trait
reaction range
looking at the highest possible and lowest possible of a particular trait
reaction range
looking at the highest possible and lowest possible of a particular trait
canelization
the high he canelized you are less of effect
heritability
mathematical expression, the way we attribute together
concordance
one person has a trait, the other one will likely have the same
extreme environmentalism is cruel
Because it suggests to the parents that their child has been warped by something they did