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9 Cards in this Set

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Learned Helplessness Origins
(Seligman 1970's)
Witnessed study to teach dogs to avoid shock, electric fence, then took away shock, but tone still registered fear behavior, did not try to avoid shock..colleuges gave up
Learned Helplessness
(Seligman)
Took over failed avoidance behavior experiement, hypoth, dogs had learned they were helpless in avoiding shocks in old experiement. Put dogs into escapable/inescapable groups, escapable given oppurtunity to control shocks by turning lever. Inescapable followed original study. Escapable dogs would avoid shock when given escape oppurtunity, others did not.
Learned Helplessness
Belief that your behavior has nothing to do with consequences experienced; behavior a disconnect--i.e wife battery and depression.
Clinical Depression
Mental illness, two types-primary and secondary. Symptoms include loss of energy, appetite, change in eating behaviors, change in weight, irritable sleep, overwhelming feeling of doom, ruminations of suicide. Must have 4 for more than 2 straight weeks to be diagnosed.
Primary Depression
Experiencing a depressive episode with genetic or physiologic causes. Must have family history of depression.
Secondary Depression
Source of depressive epidose is a life event, which is usually due to some sort of loss.
Weiss (1970's)
Recreated Silgman's escapable/inescapable experiement with drowning rats: **Looked for neuophinephrine/ephedrine in brains: Animals in escape condition had higher levels of neurotransmittors, inescapable had less. Weiss argued that the inescapable had lacked ability to react because of lack of neurotransmittorsppmade case for physiology of learned helplessness. Teach people that they have control, depressive behavior goes down.
Positive Psychology
Seligman--observed factors that produced well being-social suppport and excersice.
Learned Optimism
Learning that you can expect a good outcome. Silgman founded, based on Schriver and someone else, providing realistic challanges which are overcome can change a persons outlook on life ***mastery's importance*** Positive restructuring***