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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Drive Theory History
Developed out of the regulatory approach to motivation, emphasizing homeostasis and a general energization of behavior. Over the years, it has expanded far beyond its biological origins into personality theory and social psychology.
Drive Theory (Need)
An excess or a deficiency of some product related to homeostatic balance and survival. Need is defined on the antecedent side in terms of deprivation or pain on the consequent side in terms of health or survival. Frequently lead to activity that restores the appropriate balance, but not necessarily.
Drive Theory (Drive)
The antecedents for drive could be the same as for need, but its consequent conditions are behaviors. It is drive that energizes behavior, not need.
Drive Theory (Goal)
Some commodity or change that will reduce the drive that initiated the activity. A hungry animal consumes food and for a while thereafter it is inactive as far as food is concerned.
Drive Theory Sequence
Need---->Drive---->Activity---->Goal--->Reduced Drive----> Reduced Activity
Drive Theory (Hull)
Argued that drive does not direct, guide, steer, or select particular responses, but instead energizes all responses equally. In a specific situation, the response that is best-learned in relation to the stimuli present would be the response most likely to occur.
Classical Conditioning (Acquisition)
The process of learning to associate the conditioned stimulis with a meaningful stimulus (unconditioned stimulus). The conditioned response becomes stronger with more pairings of the CS and UCS. Each CS-UCS pairing is called a trial. The magnitude of the response to the CS is measured, and learning is domonstrated when the response increases over trials.
Classical Conditioning (Stimulus Generalization)
When we are conditioned to one CS, we are also conditioned (less strongly) to similar stimuli. This protects us from having to learn everything anew. If we are hit by a buick, we may associate our pain with cadillacs, and chevys.
Classical Condtioning (Discrimination)
Generalized responces that are not needed, and are not reinforced, extinguish because they are not followed by a UCS. We fear all dogs after being bitten by a large brown one, but after time, do not fear all dogs as much.