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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lasting change in an organism's behavior potential that results from experience or practice.
The process whereby an organism learns relationships between stimuli.
Pavlovian Conditioning
Both the US and the CS are presented at the same time.
Simultaneous Conditioning
The CS is presented first, then it stops, then the US is presented
Trace Conditioning
There is an amount of time where the CS overlaps the US
(Can be long or short).
Delayed Conditioning
US is presented first then stops and then the CS starts.
Backward Conditioning
One element of a compound stimulus elicits a CR while the other does not.
Little or no conditioning to the second CS.
CS and US occur close together in time or place.
Reduction of learned response that occurs because the CS is no longer paired with the US.
Subject learns that the presence of the CS signals the PRESENCE of te US.
Excitatory Pavlovian Conditioning
Subject learns that the presence of the CS signals the ABSENCE of the US.
Inhibitory Pavlovian Conditioning
Tendency to respond to stimuli resembling the CS.
Responding occurs in the presence of one stimulus, but not in the presence of another.
A procedure in which a previously conditioned stimulus is used to condition a new stimulus.
Higher-Order Conditioning
Interference with conditioning produced by repeated exposures to the US before the conditioning trials.
CS-Preexposure Effect
*Latent Inhibition*
A food item has been paired with illness.
Conditioned Aversive Stimulus
Behavioral treatment that involves prolonged exposure to a feared stimulus.
If a response is followed by a satisfying event, the association will be strengthened. If the response is followed by an annoying event, the association will be weakened.
Law Of Effect
Presentation of a stimulus increases the probability of the behavior.
Positive Reinforcement
Removal of a stimulus increases the probability of the behavior.
Negative Reinforcement
Presentation of a stimulus decreases the probability of the behavior.
Positive Punishment
Removal of a stimulus decreases the probability of the behavior.
Negative Punishment
High probability behaviors can be used as reinforcers for lower probability behaviors.
Premack Principle
Every occurance of the instrumental response results in the delivery of the reinforcer.
Continuous Reinforcement Schedule
A fixed # of responses must occur in order for the next response to be reinforced .
Fixed Ratio Schedule
# of responses necessary to produce reinforcement varies from trial to trial.
Variable Ratio Schedule
Reinforcer is delievered for the first response that occurs after a fixed amount of time following the last reinforcer.
Fixed Interval Schedule
Reinforcement is provided for the first response that occurs after a variable amount of time from the last reinforcement.
Variable Interval Schedule
The relative rate of responding on a particular response alternative equals the relative rate of reinforcement for that response alternative.
Matching Law