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14 Cards in this Set

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Behaviorists
Emphasize observable behavior, not that they don't believe in memory, but they believe that it is too intangible to study.
Behaviorists Contribution to Study of Learning and Thinking
Best contribution was the methods used to study overt behavior have now also been successfully used to study covert behavior (that which is not directly observable)
Methods to Study Covert Behavior
Take observable things and make inferences about what is not observable (speed, accuracy,etc.) to make inferences about things.
Cognative Approach
Views the nervous system as a conceptual (abstract and not concrete) system.
Applying Cognative Approach Cognative Inquiry
Collect data such as speed and accuracy, and apply it to the nervous system conceptually. We cannot soley discover what brain region is affected and triggered by behavior and then assume we know all there is to know about that behavior. ie. FEAR- cannot use the electrical activity triggered in the brain by fear and ignore the psychological state.
Biologic / Psychology Relationship
It is a two way street. Biological state can influence psychological state, just as a psychological state can influence one's biological state.
Clustering - Long Term Memory
Information is uaually clustered together with related pieces of information in the long term memory...i.e. the word recall excample with several sets of words which belong to a set of catagories such as cars or trees..tendancy to recall out of order given to recall in classification groups. Based on this performance, we can make a reasonable inference about the memomory, which is covert.
Clustering
Grouping peices of information together in similar catagories
Free Recall
Recalling given information in an order not neccessarily having to do with classification. ***Very Useful in Understanding Properties of Long-Term Memory***
Serial Recall
Recalling information in a specific sequence.. i.e. recalling a phone number, if you remember only the numbers and not their sequence, it is useless. ***Very Useful in Understanding Properties of Short-Term Memory***
Clustering - Long Term Memory
Information is uaually clustered together with related pieces of information in the long term memory...i.e. the word recall excample with several sets of words which belong to a set of catagories such as cars or trees..tendancy to recall out of order given to recall in classification groups. Based on this performance, we can make a reasonable inference about the memomory, which is covert.
Clustering
Grouping peices of information together in similar catagories
Free Recall
Recalling given information in an order not neccessarily having to do with classification. ***Very Useful in Understanding Properties of Long-Term Memory***
Serial Recall
Recalling information in a specific sequence.. i.e. recalling a phone number, if you remember only the numbers and not their sequence, it is useless. ***Very Useful in Understanding Properties of Short-Term Memory***