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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
perception process
selection and organization of sensory info into meaningful wholes
selection
choosing what to pay attention to
organization
ex: understanding your spoken language vs. a forgein one
sensation
awareness of a stimulus
absolute threshold
minimum amount of energy necessary to detect a stimulus
difference threshold
how much difference between two stimuli to tell a difference
weber's law
the bigger the stimulus to begin with, the greater the change is necessary to notice a difference
blind spot
each eye has one, but eyes are not stationary so the brain fills in the gaps
retina disparity
2 eyes, 2 images binocular fusion puts the 2 together
afterimage
maintains image
positive vs. negative
see same colors vs. see opposite color on the color wheel
emmerts law
the further away you project the after image the larger it gets
selection: inborn/innate
name all 7
change
intensity
repetition
novel/weird
movement
size
contrast
selection: learned
name all 5
humor
experience
age
gender
edu. background
Innate oraganization
figure ground
proximity
similarity
continuity
connectedness
closure: fill in missing gaps
contour: see imaginary lines
Learned organizations
constancy:
shape, size, and color
what do you use binocular vision for
things up close
monocular vision?
things far away
top down
perception-interpretation-command
(hot stove)
bottom up
sensation-gathering of sensory info, sent to brain
illusion
something there, but misconscue what it is
hallucination
sensory experience, but nothing there
delusion
false belief