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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
excluding source of anxiety from awareness
Set of procedures used to make judgements about whether differences actually exists b/w sets of numbers
inferential statistics
Freudian theory that unconscious forces, such as wishes and motives, influence behavior
psycodynamic theory
the developmental stages that correspond to the pursuit of satisfaction of libidinal urges
psycosexual stage
refusing to acknowledge source of anxiety
attributing unacceptable qualities of he self to someone else
warding off an uncomfortable thought by overemphasizing its opposite
reaction formation
concocting a seemingly logical reason or excuse for behavior that might otherwise be shameful
shifting the attention of emotion from one object to another
channeling socially unacceptable impuleses into constructive, even admirable, behavior
approach to studying personality that focuses on the extent to which indivduals differ in personality disposition
trait approach
when observer bias leads to actual changes in the behavior of the person being observed
experimenter expectancy effects
A research method in which researchers quantify perceptual or congnitive processes in response to a specific stimulation
response performance
A research method that examines how changes in bodily functions are associated with behavior or mental state
psychophysiological assessment
A method of data collection that measures electrical activity in the brain
Groups of people responsible for reviewing proposed research to ensure that it meets the accepted standards of science and provides for the physical and emotional well being of research participants
Institutional Review Board
The extend to which a measure is stable and consistent over time in similar conditions
research method that involves observing and noting the behavior of people or other animals in order to provide a systematic and objective analysis of behavior
descriptive studies
A passive descriptive study in which observers dont change or alter ongoing behavior
naturalistic observation
type of descriptive study in which the researcher is actively involved in the situation
participant observation
The knowledge that one is being observed alters the behavior being observed
systematic errors in observation that occur due to an observer's expectations
observer bias
in an experiment, the measure that is affected by manipulation of the idependent variable
dependent variable
anything that affects a dependent variable that may unintentionally vary b/w the different experimental condtions of a study
procedure for placing research participants into the conditions of an experiment in which each participant has an equal chance of being assigned to any level of the independent variable
random assignment
research method that examines how variables are naturally related in the real world, w/o any attempt by the researcher to alter or change them
correlation study
when the experimenter cant directly manipulated the independent variable and therefore cant be confident that another, unmeasured variable isnt the actual cause of differences in the dependent variable
3rd- variable problem
method developed by Sigmund Freud that attempts to bring the contents of the unconscious awareness so that conflicts can be revealed
psyc approach that emphasizes the role of enviornmental forces in producing behavior
studies that are properly designed and conducted can be repeated and produce the same findings
in an experiment, the condtion that is manipulated by the experimenter to examine its impact on the dependent variable
independent variable
An approach to psychological science that emphasize the inherited, adaptive value of behavior and mental activity throughout the entire history of a species
evolutionary theory
in evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills, or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction or survival and are therefore likely to be passed along to future generations
philosophical idea that the mind exists seperatly from the physcial body
systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts
approach to psyc based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into basic underlying components or elements
describes one's continuous series ever-changing thoughts.
stream of consciousness
approach to psyc concerned with the adaptive purpose or function of mind and behavior
any observable action or response
The study of mind, brain, and behavior
psychological science
what is pscy
mental activity, such as thoughts, feelings, and subjective experience