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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are 3 characteristics of TYPE A personalities?
(1) Competitiveness
(2) Impatient & a sense of urgency
(3) Anger and hostility
Define: Coping
Efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the demands created by stress
What are some coping strategies of limited value?
- Giving up
- Lashing out at others
- Catharsis (emotional purging)
- Self-Indulgence (may help, but can also get out of control)
- Self-Blame
- Negative Self-talk
- Use of defense mechanisms
- Self-delusion
What are some statistics about undergrad drinking?
32% of undergrads have reported harmful drinking habits. Alcohol is a depressant that slows brain activity and decreases inhibitions
What are some characteristics of Constructive Coping strategies?
Healthful coping
- coping is NOT correlated with intelligence
- coping is POSITIVELY correlated with mental and physical health
What are the keys to constructive coping?
- taking problems on directly
- realistic primary and secondary appraisals
- taking notice of and monitoring emotional reactions
- managing dangerous habits
Appraisal-focused Constructive Coping:
Albert Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy
The goal of this therapy is to alter irrational thinking patterns that usually result as an after effect of stress.
Catastrophic thinking, in relation to Albert Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy is a result of what?
- unrealistic appraisals
- irrational assumptions
How can Catastrophic or Irrational thinking be fixed?
Detecting and disrupting the assumptions that support it
What three sequence step does catastrophic or irrational thinking usually follow?
(1) Activating event
(2) Belief system
(3) Consequence
What are some very common irrational beliefs?
- I must perform well at all endeavours
- Other people should always be respectful of me
- Events should go the way I like
How does humor help in stressful situations?
Laughter can release emotional tension, and moderate the impact of stress. It makes the primary appraisal more positive, increases positive emotions, and facilitates rewarding interactions.
Define: Problem-Focused Constructive Coping
The use of systematic problem solving:
- clarify the problem
- find an alternative course of action
- pick a course of action
- take action but remain flexible
Why do people waste time?
- don't prioritize
- don't stick to a schedule
- can't say no
- can't delegate
- can't let things go
- are perfectionists
What are some statistics on procrastination?
- 20% of adults procrastinate
- negatively effects task performance
- positively correlated with anxiety
- negatively correlated with physical and mental health
Why do people procrastinate?
- low-conscientiousness
- low self-efficacy
- excessive perfectionism
Why is time management a helpful coping technique?
Because it reduces stress
Seeking help is part of what type of coping method?
Problem-Focused Constructive Coping
When do people use Emotion-Focused Coping?
When you cannot change things
Define: Emotional Intelligence
The ability to understand your own and others emotions and to use this knowledge to guide your thinking and actions
Hostility is a part of what type of coping method?
Emotion-focused coping
What are 3 steps to reduce hostility?
(1) Recognize anger
(2) Decrease hostility by reinterpretation, distraction or self talk
(3) Increase empathy, tolerance and forgiveness
Forgiveness is a part of what type of coping method?
Emotion-focused coping
When practicing Forgiveness, in relation to emotion-focused coping, what are the two factors?
Forgiveness: requires overcoming hostile reactions
Vengefulness: is associated with rumination, negative emotion, and lower life satisfaction
Meditation is a part of what coping method?
emotion-focused coping
What are the two main types of mediation?
(1) Mindfulness - emptying one's mind
(2) Concentration - focusing on images or mantras