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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
emotion is a psychological state with four components. list these.
1.)A positive or negative subjective experience
2.)the activation of specific mental processes and stored information
3.)bodily arousal
4.) characteristic overt behavior
List the naturalist who firmly believed that emotions are inborn.
Charles Darwin.
Charles Darwin noticed that many cultures and races use ________ facial expressions to signal emotional states. This supported his belief that emotions are________.
similar; inborn
_________ people showed some of the same emotional expressions; even though they have never observed someone; i.e. the expressions are instinctive- not learned.
Blind people show some of the same emotional expressions.
Ekman & Friesen's research (1971) found evidence that some emotions are:
Universal across all cultures;
Some researchers argue that though some emotions are universal- others are shaped by________ and __________.
Social practice and norms of a culture... i.e. japan...
Elfenbein and Amaday (2002)- Meta-analysis of studies on the preception of emotion found that people typically: ______________ and ____________.
recognize emotions from their own social group better than from others... and some members of minority groups recognize emotional expressions of the majority groups better than some of the members of that majority group. (i.e. african americans who are always around whites- they pick up on their expressions)
Emotions that can be recognize anywhere are called____________. researchers argue about how many actually exist.
Basic or Primary emotions.
What are secondary or emotional blends?
Emotions that are a blend of basic emotions. (i.e. (Love = trust + joy) or (Disapproval = sadness + surprise))
explain Eckmen and Friesen's (1971) experiment.
They wanted to see if a cultural group that had never been in contacts with white (european) face would be able to recognize facial expressions. His tribal people, the "fore", from papua new guinea were able to recognize the six basic emotions- though they confused fear and surprise- this makes sense since these go hand in hand in the jungle.
List the six basic emotions from Paul Eckman's (1984) study.
1.)anger
2.)fear
3.)sadness
4.)disgust
5.)surprise
6.)happiness
List the four emotions that were added to paul eckman's 2002 study.
1.)contempt
2.)embarrassment
3.)guilt
4.)shame
Anger has _________ heart rate activation and ____________ finger temperature activation.
Increased. Increased.
Surprise has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
decreased. increased.
Sadness has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
increased. decreased.
Fear has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
increased;increased
Sadness has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
increased; decreased
Disgust has has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
decreased; increased
Happiness has ___________ heart rate activation and ___________ finger temperature activation.
increased; increased
If you were to see someone with a penetrating stare and a vertical crease in the bow, what emotion do you think they'd be expressing?
Anger.