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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diminished sensitivity as a consquence of constant stimulation
sensory adaptation
info processing guided by higher level mental processes as when we construct perceptions on our experience and expectations
top down processing
analysis that begins with the sense receptors & works up to the brains integration of sensory info
bottom up processing
retinal receptors that detect black, white, & gray; necessary for peripheral and twilight vision when cones dont respond
receptor cells that are concentrated near the center of the retina and that function in daylight or in well lit conditions. The cones detect fine detail and give rise to color sensations
sense of hearing
system for sensing the position and movenment of individual body parts
conscious repetition of info, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage
what is learned in one state (which one is high, drunk, or depressed) can more easily be rememebered in teh same state.
state-dependent memory
people unkowningly revise memories
motivated forgetting
tendency for vision to dominate the other senses, as when we perceive voices in films as coming from the screen we see rather than from the projector behind us
visual capture
perceivign objects as unchanging even as illimuniation and retinal images change
perceptual constancy
study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP & psycholkinesis
organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate peices of info into meaningful wholes
mental predispostion to percieve one thing and not another
perceptual set
sense of smell
olfactory receptors
how we visually organize stimulants, tendency to see lines as continous
shaping, start with a mall peice of behavior and get closer to resembler target, seris of things
successive approximation
visual ways we organize things