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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What refers to the years of rapid physical growth and sexual maturation that end childhood.
Puberty
What is the girls first menstrual period?
Menarche
What is the first ejaculation of seminal fluid?
Spermarche
An organic chemical substance that is produced by one body tissue and conveyed via the bloodstream to another to affect some physiological function.
Hormone
How many hormones affect human growth and maturation?
atleast 23
A gland in the brain that responds to a signal from the hypothalamus by producing many hormones (adrenal and sex glands)
Pituitary
Two glands, located above the kidneys, that produce hormones
Adrenal glands
The route followed by hormones that regulate stress, growth, sleep, appetite, and sexual excitement as well as puberty.
HPA
The paired sex glands
Gonads
A sex hormone, considered the cheif estrogen. Females produce more than males
Estradiol
A sex hormone, the best known of the adrogens (male hormones); secreted in far greater amounts by males than females
testosterone
What axis leadf from brain to body to behavior?
HPA
T/F both boys and girls reported more anger when they had had moderate amounts of hormones, not the highest levels of testosterone or estrogen
True
Puberty is affected by genes, body fat and ____________.
stress
Girls are about two years ahead of boys in height but sexually they are ahead by only a few_________.
months
Who tend to reach puberty earlier than do European Americans or Hispanic Americans?
African Americans
What delays puberty?
Malnutrition
What favored genes that adapted to wars, famine, and sickness by initiating early puberty?
natural selection
What currently correlates with early romance, sex, and parenthood, which lead to later depression and other psychosocial problesm
Early Puberty in both sexes
Because menstruation depletes the body of iron, more adolescent girls are _______than those in other age or gender group.
Anemic
What percent of all U.S. teenagers are overweight according to international standards.
12%
The relatively sudden and rapid physical growth that occurs during puberty
Growth spurt
Why are there more sports injuries in increasing puberty?
Young adolescents are more vulnerable to fractures than are adults until old age (increase bone mass)
One organ that decrease in size, thus making teenagers less susceptible to respiratory ailments.
lymphoid system
What proceed from inside to the cortex and from back to front?
Myelination and maturation
Specializes in quick emotional reactions---sudden anger, joy, fear, despair
Amygdala
Coordinates inhibits, and strategizes, this uneven maturation puts adolescents
prefontal cortex
The __________and pituitary regulate hormones that affect stress, appetite, and sleep.
Hypothalamus
What rhythms affect tiredness, hunger, alertness, elimination, body temperature, nutrient balance, blood composition, and moods?
Diurnal (daily)
What causes the girl to become a shorter and sicker woman?
Deflected normal pubescent growth
What percentage in the United States used a condom for sexually active high school?
46%
Sex abuse is more common between what ages than at any other time
10-15
What are some part of reason for variations of drug use?
Laws and Family Practice
what are the lowest heavy users for marijuana of any developed nation
Dutch
Who smoke the least drugs?
African and Asian Americans
What decreases food consumption and interferes with the absorption of nutrients?
Tobacco
What impairs memory and self control by damaging the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex
Drinking
The idea that each new generation forgets what the previous generation learned about harmful drugs
Generational Forgetting
a
a
a
a