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34 Cards in this Set

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What are the goals of Psychology?
to control, observe, predict, explain, and describe
Who is considered the father of Psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt
Who founded the field of psychology known as structuralism?
Wilhelm Wundt
What is structuralism?
objectively looking at sensations and subjectively looking at feelings - sensations affect feelings
Who introduced functionalism?
William James
What is functionalism?
study of how mental processes affect the environment and how we act
Who introduced the concept of introspection?
Socrates
Who introduced the concept of associationisms?
Aristotle
The 4 humors were whose idea?
Hippocrates
Who first believed in behaviorism?
John B. Watson
What is behaviorism?
no free will - environment and personal experiences control who we are/how we act
Who followed the belief in behaviorism?
B. F. Skinner
Who suggested positive and negative reinforcement?
B. F. Skinner
Who introduced the concept of psychoanalysis?
Sigmund Freud
What is Gestalt Psychology?
looks at Psychology as a whole
What are the 7 perspectives of Psychology?
BECHPLS - biological, evolutionary, cognitive, humanistic, psychoanalytic, learning, sociocultural
Biological perspective
emphasizes influences of biology on our behavior
Evolutionary perspective
focuses on evolution of behavior and mental processes
Cognitive perspective
emphasizes role thoughts play in determining behavior, as well as how information is processed and stored in the brain
Humanistic perspective
stresses the human capacity for self-fulfillment and the importance of consciousness, self-awareness, and the ability to make choices
Psychoanalytic perspective
stresses influence of unconscious forces on human behavior
Learning perspective
emphasizes effects of experience on behavior
Sociocultural perspective
studies influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socio-economic status on behavior and mental processes
Psychology is the study of
constructs, cognitive abilities, and behavior
What are the 8 fields of Psychology?
Clinical, Counseling, Educational, School, Developmental, Personality, Social, and Experimental
Clinical Psychology
helps patients 1-on-1 with problems
Counseling
uses interviews and tests to identify problems
Educational
focuses on course planning and instruction methods; concerned with theoretical issues that relate to measurement of abilities, learning, and child and adolescent development
Developmental
studies changes that occur throughout a person's lifespan
Personality
identifies characteristics and their development
Social
concerned with people's behavior in social situations
Experimental
conducts research into basic processes such as function of nervous system
Social perspective
concerned with people's behavior in social situations
Experimental
conducts research into basic processes such as function of nervous system