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15 Cards in this Set

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Define Psychology
Psychology is the study of cognitions, emotions, and behavior
What does a research psychologist do?
design and perform research to better understand how people behave in specific situations, how and why we think the way we do, and how emotions develop and what impact they have on our interactions with others
What does industrial psychologist do?
work with businesses and organizations to help them become more productive, effective, and efficient, and to assist them in working with their employees and their customers.
What do clinical psychologist do?
work with individuals, couples, families, and small groups to help them feel less depressed, less anxious, become more productive or motivated, and overcome issues which prevent them from living up to their potential.
What do practitioners do?
Practitioners, typically counseling
What does psychology practitioners do?
Counseling
WHat do clinical psychologist do?
work with individuals, couples, families, and small groups to help them feel less depressed, less anxious, become more productive or motivated, and overcome issues which prevent them from living up to their potential.
What are the five basic goals of the study of psychology?
1. Describe – The first goal is to observe behavior and describe, often in minute detail, what was observed as objectively as possible

2. Explain – While descriptions come from observable data, psychologists must go beyond what is obvious and explain their observations. In other words, why did the subject do what he or she did?

3. Predict – Once we know what happens, and why it happens, we can begin to speculate what will happen in the future. There’s an old saying, which very often holds true: "the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior."

4. Control – Once we know what happens, why it happens and what is likely to happen in the future, we can excerpt control over it. In other words, if we know you choose abusive partners because your father was abusive, we can assume you will choose another abusive partner, and can therefore intervene to change this negative behavior.

5. Improve – Not only do psychologists attempt to control behavior, they want to do so in a positive manner, they want to improve a person’s life, not make it worse. This is not always the case, but it should always be the intention.
IS psychology an exact science?
It is often referred to as a 'Social Science' or a 'Soft Science.' This is because it deals with human thoughts, feelings, and behavior, and as we are all aware, humans are not always predictable and reliable
What role does research play in psychology?
Research helps us understand what makes people think, feel, and act in certain ways; allows us to categorize psychological disorders in order to understand the symptoms and impact on the individual and society; helps us to understand how intimate relationships, development, schools, family, peers, and religion affect us as individuals and as a society; and helps us to develop effective treatments to improve the quality of life of individuals and groups.
What is psychology research used for?
Study development and external factors and the role they play on individuals' mental health


Study people with specific psychological disorders, symptoms, or characteristics


Develop tests to measure specific psychological phenomenon


Develop treatment approaches to improve individuals' mental health
Define Theory
A general idea about the relationship of two or more variables; general principle proposed to explain how a number of separate facts are related; idea about a relationship
What is a variable?
Any factor which has the potential to influence another factor in a research study.
Variables should be testable. There are two types of variables. What are they?
o Independent Variable (IV) – the variable that is manipulated by the experimenter (input variable)

o Dependent Variable (DV) – the outcome variable (results of the experiment)
DWhat is a hypothesis?
Hypothesis

A prediction about the relationship between two or more variables