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20 Cards in this Set

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Who developed psychoanalytic theory?
Sigmund Freud
This theory states that all human behavior is caused and can be explained. Repressed sexual impulses and desires motivate much of human behavior.
Psychoanalytic theory
According to Freud, this part of one's nature reflects the basic or innate desires such as pleasure-seeking behavior, aggression, and sexual impulses. Seeks instant gratification, causes impulsive unthinking behavior, and has no regard for rules or social convention
id
Part of a person's nature that reflects moral and ethical concepts, values, and parental and social expectations.
superego
The balancing or mediating force between the id and the superego. Represents mature and adaptive behavior that allows a person to function successfully
ego
Level of awareness that refers to perceptions, thoughts or emotions that exist in the person's awareness, e.g. being aware of happy feelings or thinking about a loved one.
Conscious
Level of awareness that consists of thoughts and emotions that are not currently in the person's awareness, but he/she can recall them with some effort, e.g. recalling what happened as a child
Preconscious
Level of awareness that is the realm of thoughts and feelings that motivate a person even though he/she is totally unaware of them
Unconscious
Thoughts or feels that motivate much of what we do and say
Subconscious
Freudian slip
Indications of subconscious feelings or thoughts that accidentally emerge in casual day-to-day conversation
A technique used primarily in psychoanalysis, which involves discussing a patient's dreams to discover their true meaning and significance
Freud's dream analysis
Method in which therapist attempts to uncover the patient's true thoughts and feelings by saying a word and asking the patient to respond quickly with the first thing that comes to mind
Free association
Methods of attempting to protect oneself and cope with the basic drives or emotionally painful thoughts, feelings or events
Ego defense mechanisms
T/F: People are aware of what defense mechanisms they are using
FALSE
What are Freud's 5 stages of psychosexual development?
Oral (birth-18 mo)
Anal (18mo-36 mo)
Phallic/oedipal (3-5 yrs)
Latency (5-11 yrs)
Genital (11-13 yrs)
What occurs when the person has difficulty making the transition from one stage to the next, or person remains stalled or regresses to an earlier stage of Freud's psychosexual development?
Psychopathology
Client displaces onto the therapist attitudes and feelings that originally were experienced in other relationships
Transference
Therapist displaces onto the patient attitudes or feelings from his/her past
Countertransference
Practice that focuses on discovering the causes of the patient's unconscious and repressed thoughts, feelings, and conflicts. Believed to be the cause of anxiety and helping the patient to gain insight into and resolve these conflicts and anxieties
Psychoanalysis
Who extended on Freud's work on personality development across the lifespan while focusing on social and psychological development in life stages?
Erik Erikson