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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the processes by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved
Episodic memory
a memory of a specific experienced event
Flashbulb memory
clear memories of emotionally significant moments of events
Semantic memory
a memory of general knowledge and information that can be recalled
Explicit memory
a memory of specific information
Implicit memory
a memory that consists of the skills and procedures one has learned
translation of information into a form that can be stored in memory
the maintenance of encoded information over time
Maintenance rehearsal
the repetition of new information in an attempt to keep from forgetting it
Elaborative rehearsal
a memory device that creates a meaningful ling between new information and the information already known
the process of recalling information from memory storage
Context-dependent memories
information that is more easily retrieved in the context in which it was encoded and stored
Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
the belief that a piece of information is stored in our memory although we cannot retrieve it easily
Sensory memory
the immediate, initial recording of sensory information in the memory system
Iconic memory
sensory register that briefly holds mental images of visual stimuli
Eidetic imagery
maintenance of a very detailed visual memory over several months
Echoic memory
the sensory register in which traces of sounds are held and may be retrieved within several seconds