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40 Cards in this Set

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milieu
environment or setting
mental status exam
examining patients minds
DSM-IV
taxonomy used by mental health clinicinas who dx psych disorders; provides standard nomenclature of mental disorders, defines characteristics
transference:
we project significant people onto others and then expect them to behave in that way; pt to analyst
countertransference
therapists feelings about client that stem from thereapists own life experiences and issues; baggage that therapist brings into session
primary gain
staying home when sick
secondary gain
"rewards" from being sick (watching tv, candy, etc)
illusion
distortion of sensory perception; erroneous perception of reality
delusion:
fixed, firm, false belief not based on reality
hallucination
false or distorted sensory experience that appear to be real perceptions; may be seen, heard, felt, smelled, tasted
obsession:
compulsive pre-occupation with fixed idea or an unwanted feeling or emotion often accompanied with symptoms of anxiety
ideas of reference
belief that casual events, remarks, etc., refer to oneself
ideas of influence:
"devil made me do it"; someone's controling their thoughts
thought insertion:
thoughts being inserted into one's mind by someone else
thought blocking:
stopping abruptly in train of thought
thought withdrawal
..."what did I come in here for"?; delusional belief that others are taking client's thoughts away and client is powerless to stop it
tangentiality:
one digresses readily from one topic under discussion to another
circumstantiality:
off on tangent but comes back
neologism:
made up word ; meaning known only by user
suicidal ideation:
thoughts about suicide
paranoid ideation
belief that one is being harmed, persecuted, harassed or treated unfair
word salad:
flow of unconnected words
confabulation:
made up answers to fill the blanks
flight of ideas
switching topic mid-sentenc; racing, unconnected thoughts
delusions of grandeur:
thinking you are above
compulsion
repetitive, excessive, meaningless activity or mental exercise that a person performs in an attempt to avoid distress or worry
poverty of thought:
few verbal communications / few thoughts in head
loose association:
some association between one thought and another
clang association
ideas related to each other based on rhyming
echopraxia
repeating someone's movements
echolalia
repeating someone's words
ambitendence
making movement forward then withdrawing
mood
perons's overall emotional state
affect
moment to moment change in emotion; flat / blunted / inappropriate
ritual:
like compulsion; certain order / sequence
perseveration
people get on kick -- won't give it up; same idea over and over and over
akathisia
inability to sit still; restless, constant movement; pacing, body rocking, foot tapping
akinesia
impaired body movement; absence of movement; rigidity
dyskinesia
difficulty performing voluntary movements as in tic, tongue thrust, lip smack
dystonia
prolonged muscle contraction - resulting in abnormal behavior