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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acrophobia
extreme fear of high places
adjustment disorder
maladaptive reaction to identifiable life events that is expected to remit when the stress ceases
affect
the subjective experience of emotion attached to ideas or mental representations of people or things; outward manifestations can be classified as broad, restricted, blunted, flattened, labile, appropriate, or inappropriate
affective disorder
mood disorder
agitation
anxiety associated with motor restlessness
agoraphobia
extreme fear of open places or of leaving familiar settings, may be assoc. with panic attacks
akathisia
motor restlessness manifested by a strong need to be in mvmt ("ants in my pants"); may be a side effect of antipsychotic meds or SSRIs
akinesia
lack of physical mvmt, as in the immobility of catatonic schizophrenia or as an extrapyramidal side effect of antipsychotic meds
alexithymia
inability or diff. in describing or being aware of one's emotions
ambivalence
presence of strong simultaneous contrasting attitudes, ideas, feelings, or drives
anhedonia
inability to experience pleasure
anxiety
unpleasant emotional state assoc. with psychophysiological changes in response to an intrapsychic conflict; in contrast to fear, the danger or threat is unreal
apathy
lack of feelings or interest in one's surroundings
appropriate affect
emotional tone in harmony with the accomanying idea or thought
blocking
involuntary cessation or interruption of thought processes or speech because of unconscious emotional factors, such as having auditory hallucinations
blunted affect
disturbance of affect manifested by a severe reduction in the intensity of externalized feeling tone
bradykinesia
slowness of motor activity and a decrease in normal spontaneous mvmt
broad affect
normal range of the expression of a subjectively experienced feeling state with variability in facial expression, pitch of voice, and body mvmts.
catalepsy
condition in which persons maintain the body position into which they were places aka waxy flexibility, cerea flexibilitas
cataplexy
temporary sudden loss of muscle tone, causing immobilization; can be precipitated by a variety of emotional states; characteristically seen in narcolepsy
catatonia
state of stupor; esp a type of schizophrenia characterized by muscular rigidity, stupor, and negativism
catatonic rigidity
fixed and sustained motoric position that is resistant to change
cerea flexibilitas
catalepsy
circumstantiability
disturbance in the associative thought and speech processes in which a patient digresses into unnecessary details and inappropriate thoughts before communicating the central idea
clang associations; clanging
association or speech directed by the sound of a word rather than by its meaning; punning and rhyming may occur
claustrophobia
abnormal fear of closed spaces
clouding of consciousness
any disturbance of consciousness in which the person is not fully awake, alert, and oriented
compulsion
uncontrollable, repetitive, and unwanted performance of an act
concrete thinking
thought characterized by actual and immediate things and events, rather than by abstractions
confabulation
unconscious filling of gaps of memory by imagining experiences or events that have no basis in fact. ex: alcoholic patient
constricted affect
reduction in intensity of feeling tone less but more severe than that of blunted affect
deja vu
illusion of visual recognition in which a new situation is incorrectly regarded as a repetition of a previous experience
delusion
false belief that is firmly held, despite objective and obvious contradictory proof or evidence and despite the fact that other members of the culture do not share the belief
delusion of control
a person's thoughts, feelings, or actions are not one's own, but are being imposed by some external force
delusion of grandeur (grandiose delusion)
exaggerated concept of one's importance, power, knowledge, or identity
delusion of jealousy
one's lover is unfaithful
delusion of persecution
one is being attacked, harassed, or conspired against
delusion of reference
events, objects, or the behaviors of others have a particular and unusual meaning specifically for oneself
somatic delusion
pertaining to the functioning of one's body
depersonalization
sensation of unreality concerning oneself or parts of oneself, that may occur under stress or fatigue
derailment
extreme deviation in train of thought; sometimes used synonymously with loosening of association
derealization
sensation of changing reality or that one's surroundings have altered
disorientation
impairment of awareness of time, place, person, or situation
dyskinesia
any disturbance of mvmt, as in extrapyramidal dyskinesia
dysphoria
feeling of unpleasantness or discomfort; a mood of general dissatisfaction, depression, and anxiety
dysprosody
loss of normal speech melody or prosody
echolalia
repetition of another person's words or phrases
elation
affect consisting of feelings of joy, euphoria, or optimism
emotional lability
excessive emotional responsiveness characterized by unstable and rapidly changing feelings
euphoria
exaggerated feeling of well-being that is inappropriate to apparent events
euthymia
denoting normal mood
expansive modd
mood characterized by feelings of grandiosity
flat affect
absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression
flight of idea
rapid succession of fragmentary thoughts or speech in which content changes abruptly and speech may by incoherent
hallucination
false sensory perception occurring in the absence of any relevant external stimulation of the sensory modality involved
idea of reference
misinterpretation of incidents and events in the outside world as having a direct personal reference to oneself; if present with sufficient frequency or intensity or organized and systematized, they constitute delusions of reference
illusion
perceptual misinterpretation of a real external stimulus
immediate memory
reproduction, recognition, or recall or perceived material w/i seconds after presentation
inappropriate affect
emotional tone out of harmony with the idea, thought, or speech accompanying it
la belle indifference
inappropriate lack of concern about one's disability; commonly seen in conversion disorder
labile affect
affective expression characterized by abrupt shifts from one mood or affect to another
logorrhea
uncontrollable, excessive talking
long-term memory
reproduction, recognition, or recall of experience or info that was experienced in the distant past; aka remote memory
loosening of associations
thinking disturbance involving a disorder in the logical progression of thoughts, manifested by unrelated and unconnected ideas shifting from one subject to another
mood
pervasive and sustained feeling tone that is experienced subjectively; distinguished from affect, the external expression of the internal feeling tone
neologism
new word or phrase whose derivation cannot be understood
overvalued idea
false or unreasonable belief or idea that is sustained with less intensity or duration than a delusion
paranoid ideation
thinking dominated by suspicious or persecutory content
phobia
persistent, intense fear of an object or situation
poverty of content of speech
speech that is quantitatively adequate, but qualitatively inadequate because it consists of minimal, vague, or repetitious information
pressure of speech; pressured speech
inc. in amount of spontaneous speech
psychogenic
produced or caused by psychological factors with no organic basis
psychomotor agitation
physical and mental overactivity associated with a feeling of inner turmoil
tangentiality
disturbance in which the person replies to a question in an oblique, digressive manner and the central idea is not communicated; failure to communicate the central idea distinguishes tangentiality from circumstantiality, in which the goal idea is reached in a delayed or indirect manner
thought broadcasting
delusion that one's thoughts are being broadcast or projected into the environment
thought insertion
delusion that thoughts are being implanted into one's mind by other people or forces
thought withdrawal
delusion that one's thoughts are being removed from one's mind by other people or forces
waxy flexibility
catalepsy
word salad
incoherent, essentially incomprehensible mixture of words or phrases