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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action
primary emotions
emotions considered universal and biologically based

fear,sadness,joy,surprise,disgust, and contempt
secondary emotions
emotions specific to certain cultures
facial feedback
process by which facial muscles send messages to brain about basic emotion being expressed
mood contagion
unconscious process of recognizing facial expressions of emotion or other nonverbal emotional signals, activates a similar emotional state in themselves
prefrontal cortex
left: specialized for motivation to approach others

right: specialized for withdrawl or escape
cerebral cortex
generates a more complete picture of an event; it can override signals sent by the amygdala
key role in emotion, especially in anger and fear

responsible for evaluating sensory info quickly, and determining its emotional importance and making the initial decision to apporach or withdraw from a person or a situation
epinephrine and norepinephrine
chemical messengers producing a state of arousal and alertness

provides body with more energy to act

"energy of emotion"
display rules
social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or surpress) emotions
emotion work
expression of an emotion, often because of a role requirement, that a person does not really feel

(acting out an emotion because we feel it is socially appropriate)
general adaptation syndrome (Selye)
series of physiological responses to stressors that occur in three phases: ALARM, RESISTANCE, AND EXHAUSTION
locus of control
general expectation about whether the results of your actions are under your own control (internal locus) or beyond your control (exernal locus)
primary control
effort to modify reality by changing other people, the situation, or events; a "fighting back" philosophy
secondary control
effort to accept reality by changing your own attitudes, goals, or emotions; a "learn to live with it" philosophy
cynical or antagonistic hostility
characterizes people who are mistrustful of others and ready to provoke mean, furious arguments

dangerous to health
emotional inhibition
constantly suppressing or denying feelings of anxiety, anger, or fear and pretending everything is fine
"suppressors" are at greater risk of becoming ill because they fail to acknowledge their fears
emotion-focused coping
concentrates on emotions the problem has caused; brief period of time give in to these emotions; talk obsessively about the event in order to come to terms with it, make sense of it, and decide what to do about it
problem-focused coping
depends on nature of the problem; once problem is identified, coper can learn as much as possible about it from professionals, friends, books, and others in the same predicament

being informed increases feeling of control and speeds recovery
thinking about a stressor or problem differently
social comparisons
comparing oneself to others who are (they feel) less fortunate, or are doing better than they are
social support
the need in your health to reach out to others; what you take from others, and what you give to them