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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
One's sense of self;testing and integrating various roles
stage 6 to 12 years;a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental obervations of concrete logic
pre-operational stage
properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
the inability of the peroperationsal child to take on another's point of view
make sexual reproduction possible
primary sex characteristics
nonreproductive sexual characteristics, female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair
secondary sex characteristics
a feeling that one's life has been meaningful and worthwhile
reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood
fluid intelligence
accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age
crystallized intelligence
study in which people of different ages are compared with one another
cross sectional study
research in which the same people are restudied over a long period
longitudinal study
3 parenting styles
Authoritarian(impose rules and expect obedience), permissive(expalins everything, gives in), and Authoritative(greatest sense of control, explain reasons)
period shortly after birth, exposure to touch producs proper developement
critical period
the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life
3 levels of morality
preconventional, conventional, post conventional
adolescents become more capable of abstract logic
formal operations
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas
adapting one's current understandings(schemas) to incorporate new information
trust v mistrust
autonomy v shame and doubt
initiative v guilt
elementary school
competence v inferiority
identity v role confusion
young adulthood
intimacy v isolation
middle adulthood
generativity v stagnation
late adulthood
integrity v despair
roll, crawl, walk, run
motor developement
a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy
basic trust
all the mental activies associated with thinking, knowing, and rememnering
the awareness that things continue to exist when not perceived
object permanence
the thinking that occurs as we consider right and wrong
moral reasoning
a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to open the mouth and search for the nipple
rooting reflex
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm