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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Contemporary psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Rene Descartes
Mind continues to exist after physical death
humans born with inborn knowledge of basic ethical principles
knowledge comes fromexperience and science shouild rely on observation and experimentation
Mind is blank slate at birth that experience writes on
Inrospection to identify basic elements of the mind
William James
Early psychology focused on study of the american psychologists focused on
mental life
observable behavior
Neroscience perspective would most likely emphasize that behavior is influenced by
brain circuits
if mother believes son is excellent student bacasue of her praise and affection, which perspective exercized
cognitive perspective
how the brain processes information
how should we view relationship between various perspectives
2d views of 3d object
social psychologist
researches why individuals conform to behaviors and opinions of others
counselling psychologist
helps people cope with challenges at home or work
most likely to be in mental health field with medical degree
hindsight bias
voters exaggerate ability to have predicted election outcome
overconfidence effect
political officials who have no doubt predictions will come true
basic characteristics of scientific attitude
curiosity, skepticism, humility
scientific attitude requires an open minded humility bc it involves a willingness to
reject our own ideas
when you question whether anecdotal evidence can be generalized to all people you are applying
explanatory power of a scientific theory is most closely lionked to its capacity to generate testable
biggest danger of relying on case study evidence is that
individual cases can be misleading
conservatives more likely than liberals to perceive high levels of pupular suport for conservative views. this illustrates
illusory correlation
negative correlation between degree of wealth and likelihood of suffering from a disorder indicates taht
richer people have less disorders
researchers use experiments rather than other research methods in order to distinguish
cause and effect
segment of dna capable of synthesizing a specific protein is
a genome is the complete
set of instructions
compared to fraternal twins, identical twins are much more similar in
DNA makeup
home environment more clearly has a greater influence on childrens ,than on their
temperament, heritability
emotional excitability
assessing possible links between specific chromosome segments and alcoholism would be of greatest interest to a
molecular geneticist
evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of
natural selection
compared to environmentally impovershed rats, those rats housed in enriched environments experienced a dramatic increase in the number of their
brain cells
kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends this illustrates
conformity behavior
avoid talking with food in mouth because people view it as crude this illustrates
norms, culture
what is least likely explanation for rapid changes in western cultures
gene pool changes
japanese students are more likely than American students to describe themselves in terms of their
social identities