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75 Cards in this Set

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middle number in a given sequence of numbers
Median
number that occurs most frequently in a set of numbers
mode
average of all the numbers
mean
helps us identiy the functions of regions of impacted tissues
lesion studies
*is a large structure at the base of the brain

*is concerned w/ physical coordination, paying attention, and estimating time

*damage can result in trouble walking
cerebellum
*supplementary motor area of the corpus callosum is implicated

*sends mesg. to stop movement

*no connection, no conscious thinking mind
alien hand syndrome
Lateralizing Functions

*Dominant (left)
*verbal
*rationale
*analyze
the science of mental processes and behavior
psychology
rail way worker that had a rod go through his face and brain. Causing behavior changes because of damage to Frontal Lobe
Phineas Gage
*front of brain

*planning, memory search, motor control, & reasoning

*contains the primary motor cortex (motor strip)
Frontal Lobe
*top rear of brain

*atention, spatial, locaion, &motor control

*contains the somato sensory strip
Parietal Lobe
*infront of the ears

*vision, hearing, memory, & comprehending language
Temporal Lobe
*at the back of head

*many asects of vision

*shape, color, motion

*damage results in artial o total blindness
Occiptal Lobe
counteracts its effects
parasym-pathetic
our fight or flight system
Sympathetic
automaic don't think about it, smooth muschles
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System, an the Somatic (skeletal) system
Peropheral Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System
Filled w/ neurotransmitters
Vesicles
Neurotransmitter goes back to cell from where it came (no acion)
Reuptake
Start & Action
Excitatory
Doesn't charge Neuron
Inhibitory
chemical inhibits the effect of neurotransmitter
Neuromodulator
chemicals that send a signal from the terminal button to another cell
Neuwotransmitter
spot inbetween the axon of one neuron & the membrane of another, where communication occurs
Synaptic Cleff
the whole thing. Place where on neuron meets the membrane of another neuron
Synapse
disease of deteriorated myelin
MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
*acts as an insulator

*allows signal to travel more efficently
Myelin
postive charge
Action Potential
negative charge
Resting Potential
*fills the gaps between neurons

*supports & feeds neurons

*10 times more cells than neurons
Glial Cell
connect sensory & motor neurons (bridge a gap)
Interneuron
control movement
motor neuron
recieves input from sense organs
sensory neuron
the brain contains how many cells?
one hundred billion cells
the basic unit of the nervous system
The Neuron
only presenting part of the picture
Selective Reporting
statistical technique that combines results from different studies
meta-analysis
non-random sampling produces differences
Sampling Error
a group which one obtains measures that is drawn from a larger pop.
Sample
the entire set of people etc.
Population
a measured relationship is not simple due to chance
Statistical Significance
how closely interrealted two sets of measured variables are
Correlation
studies where the relationships between two or more variables are measured but not manipulated
Correlational Research
like experiments but w/o random assigment
Quasi Experiments
is treated identically to the experimental group except w/ regard to the variable of study
Control Group
participants are assigned randomly to experiment to control for biases
Random Assignment
The diff. in the dependent variable that is due to the changes in the independent variable
Effects
a possible aspect of the situation that has become entangled w/ the aspects that you have chosen to vary
Confound
Altered, changed, or varried. The aspect of a situation that is intentionally varried while anoter aspect is measured
Independent Variable
what is being measured. The aspect of a situation that is measured while the other variable is changed.
Dependent Variable
The Scientific Method
1. Specify a problem
2. Systematic observation
3. Form a hypothesis
4. Test Hypothesis w/ data
5. Formualte a theory
6. Test the theory
Developed in response to behaviorism. Focus on info prossesing. Cognitive neuro science.
The Cognitive Revolution
(Newell, Simon)
Client - Centered therapy.
Self - actualization
Humanistic Psychology
(Rogers 1902-1987)
The mind can't be observed, behavior can be.
Behaviorism
(Skinner, Paklov)
Psyche
Mind
Dynamo
Power
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
Gestalt Psychology
(Wertheimer)
we are influenced by the unsonscious mind. Try to supress urges.
Psychodynamic Theory
(Freud 1856-1939)
Identify the ways the mind adapts to the world
Functionalism
(James 1842-1910)
Identify the building blocks of consciousness
Structuralism
(Wundt 1832-1920)
1. The brain
2. The person
3. The group
Levels of Analysis
Study of behaviors
Psycholgy
Keeps you awake and producing autonomic nervous system reactions
RAS
Reticular Activating System
Plays a role in automatic control of breath, swallow, bloodcirculation
Medulla
*Most primitive

*consists of neutral structures at the base of the brain including medula & poris

*Pons plays a role in such functions as sleep control to facial muscles
Brain Stem
*Play a role in fear and emotions

*Effects if one can read facial emotion

*This & hypothalamus (and others) part of Limbic System

*Involved in fighting, fleeing, feeding, and fucking. (4 f's)
Amygdala
*responsible for learning a habit

*houses the nucleus accumbens which is pleasure center (pathway for dopamine)
Basil Ganglia
*Plays a key role in allowing new infor to be stored

*case of H.M. who had this removed (and other structures)

*was no longer able to learn new facts
The Hippocampus
*Motions

*Modavations
The Limbic System
*sits under thalamus

*controls eating & drinking

*regulates body temp, blood pressure, & heart rate

*regulates hormones for fight or flight response
Hypothalamus
Wernicke's Encephalopathy is caused by what?
Alcoholism
*recieves input from sensory & motor systems

*Plays a crucial role in attention & memory

*Relay System

*All fibers from the cortex go through this
Thalamus
*carries out crucial taks that effect every movement

*connections w/ the cortex & inner parts of the brain
Subcortical Regions
Lateralizing Functions

*Non-Dominant (Right)
* Images
* Non-verbal
* Feels