Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia
Disorganized speech and behavior
Poor Attention
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
Flat affect
Alogia (no speech)
Avolition (apathy)
Anhedonia (loss of interest)
Good prognostic factors for schizophrenia
Good premorbid functioning
Late onset
Obvious precipitating factors
Married/good support system
Family history of mood d/o
Positive symptoms
Time period for psychotic disorders
< 1 month = brief/acute psychotic d/o
1-6 months = schizophreniform
> 6 months = schizophrenia
Age of onset for schizophrenia
men: 15-25 years
women 25-35 years
Risk of suicide in schizophrenia
Risk of suicide for men and women in general
Women have more attempts at suicide, but men have more success due to more aggressive attempts.
Treatment of schizophrenia
antipsychotic medications with psychotherapy
Prevalence of schizophrenia in the world
Season in which most schizophrenic pts are born (in the U.S.)
winter (not know why)
Risk of schizophrenia for the following:
parent of schizo child
child of 1 schizo parent
child of 2 schizo parents
MZ twins, DZ twins
parent: 6%
sibling: 10%
1 parent: 16%
2 parents: 46%
MZ twins: 46%
DZ twins: 14%
Result of brain imaging in schizophrenia
dilated lateral and 3rd ventricles
Neurotransmitter involved in schizophrenia
dopamine (hyperactivity)
Major risk factors for suicide
#1 risk = prior suicide attempts
age > 45 (greatest risk > 65)
alcohol/substance abuse
hx of rage or violence
recent loss or separation
Does asking a patient about suicide make it more likely for them to comitt suicide?
Pt develops amnesia and travels to a different place, assuming a new identity
Dissociative fugue/psyhogenic fugue
D/o most associated with childhood sexual abuse
Dissociative identity disorder (aka multiple personality d/o)
Pt worries about everything at the same time. Symptoms are not as dramatic as in panic disorder, but pts are just severe worriers.
Generalized anxiety d/o
Are homosexuality and homosexual experimentation normal?
Yes, at any age.
Daytime sleepiness, decr REM latency (go into REM as soon as they fall asleep), cataplexy
Treatment of narcolepsy
modafinil (non-amphetamine stimulant)

or, amphetamines
First line treatment of generalized anxiety d/o
Buspirone (atypical antidepressant)

(both are nonaddictive, nonsedating)
Second line treatment of generalized anxiety d/o
Benzodiazepine (addictive, sedating)
Pts have recurrent thoughts or impulses and recurrent behaviors that cause marked dysfunction
Obsessive-compulsive d/o
Age of onset of OCD
late adolescence or early adulthood
Treatment of OCD
Clomipramine (TCA) or Fluvoxamine (SSRI)
with cognitive-behavioral therapy
Pt presents with fear of dying, chest pain, palpitations, tachypnea, diaphoresis
Panic d/o
S/S in Panic d/o vs Social phobia
S/S of panic attacks occur "out of the blue" while s/s of social phobia occur due to a trigger (social setting)
Fear of social settings due to the risk of a panic attack
Treatment of Panic d/o
acute: benzodiazepine (alprazolam)

chronic: SSRI
Recurrent nightmares and flashbacks of a traumatic event and depression
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Drug treatment of PTSD
Repitition compulsion
Repetitive behavior by a patient to reduce the axiety associated with PTSD. This is NOT OCD.
Treatment of specific phobias
Behavioral therapy (desensitization)
Treatment of social phobia
Beta blocker
Complaints involving symptoms of multiple organ systems with negative test results
Somatization d/o
Sudden loss of voluntary motor or sensory function following a stressor
Conversion d/o
La belle indifference
"the beautiful indifference"
associated with conversion d/o
pt is not worried about their deficit
Preoccupation with fear of having a specific disease despite medical reassurance
Preoccupation with imagined physical defects
Body dysmorphic d/o
Difference between somatoform, facticious, and malingering d/o
Somatoform: s/s are not intentional
Facticious: s/s are intentional, but no secondary gain
Malingering: s/s are intentional for purpose of secondary gain