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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a PATTERN of thought emotional and behavioral issues that result in distress or impairment in one's social or occupational life
Statistical Infrequency
that which is atypical or rare
ex: space aliens stealing ure thoughts
Personal Suffering
To the degree that is is interfering in ure life - excessive amounts is abnormal
Norm Violation
something that violates our cultural rules/norms
-bizzare, unusual, or disturbing behavior
Behavior in Context
practical approach- therapists combine all of this info and apply it to ppl w/ probs
why r they like this?
do they fit in in society?
do they act appropriately for their category?
Criteria for juding whether people's thinking, emotions, or behavior are abnormal
Statistical Infrequency
Personal Suffering
Norm Violation
Behavior in Context
Biological Factors
mental disorders are caused by a physical illness or imbalance in bodily processes
focus on the brain - medical reasons behind disorders
focus on how thouhgts, emotions, and behaviors go wrong
Sociocultural Context
look outside the person- social or cultural reasons that shape a person's behavior
Diathesis- Stress model
all born with pre-dispositions - stress causes these problems to come out & give us psychological problems
Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

abnormality classification est. by Amer. Psychiatric assocation
specific criteria outlining conditions that must be met before a diagnosis can be made for someone
5 Axis
(dimensions) ways to classify mental disorders
1) any major mental disoder
2)Evidence of personality disorder or mental retardation
3) Medical conditions that may effect a person's mental or behavioral status (ex. having a stroke leads to...)
4) social or environmental problems (ex. divorce)
5) rating 1-100 person's current psych., social, and occupational functioning
Axis 1- Impulse Control Disorders
compulsive gambling, stealing, or fire setting
Axis 1- Facticious disorders
False physical disorders, which are intentionally produced to satisfy some psychological need
Axis 2- Personality disorders
ppl who shoe lifelong behavior patterns that are unsatisfactory to them, or disturbing to others
(ex. suspiciousness, self- centered, overemotionality)
Axis 2- Mental Retardation
ppl with an IQ less than 70 and who don't display skill at daily living, communication, and other tasks expected of them at their age
Axis 1 disorders
are most likely to be treated with medication- 14 categories of disorders from those diagnosed in infancy, chilhood, or adolecence, to adjustment disorders