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14 Cards in this Set

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William James
Methods, Approaches, and History
Published The Principles of Psychology, psychology's first textbook
Functionalism
Lawrence Kohlberg
Developmental Psychology
Stage theory of moral development (preconventional, conventional, postconventional)
Elizabeth Loftus
Cognition
Demonstrated the problems with eyewitness testimony and constructive memory
Abraham Maslow
Motivation and Emotion, and Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Humanistic psychology
Hierarchy of needs, self-actualization
Stanley Milgram
Social Psychology
Obedience studies-participants think they are shocking a learner
Ivan Pavlov
Learning
Classical conditioning studies with dogs and salivation
Jean Piaget
Developmental Psychology
Stage theory of cognitive development (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations)
Robert Rescorla
Learning
Revised the Pavlovian contiguity model of classical conditiong
Carl Rogers
Treatment of Psychological Disorders and Personality
Humanistic psychologist-person-centered therapy and unconditional positive regard
Self theory of personality
Stanley Schacter
Motivation and Emotion
Two-factor theory for emotion
B.F. Skinner
Learning
Operant conditioning
Invented Skinner box
John Watson
Learning
Father of behaviorism
Baby Albert experiment-classically conditioned fear
Benjamin Whorf
Cognition
The linguistic relativity hypothesis
Willhelm Wundt
Set up the first psychological laboratory in an apartment near the university at Leipzig, Germany
Theory of structuralism