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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
entry points for raw info from the senses
sensory registers
process of new info replacing old info almost immmediately
the selection of some incoming info for further processing
initial processing(attention)
-working memory; briefly stores and processes selected info from the sensory registers
-can hold as much info that can be repeated in 1.5 to 2 seconds
short term memory
the grouping of information into meaningful units for easier handling by short term memory
a theory that argues that the passage of time causes forgetting
decay theory
a theory that argues that interference from other info causes forgetting
interference theory
retaining info in STM simply by repeating it over and over
rote rehersal
the linking of new information in STM to familiar material stored in long term memory
elaborative rehersal
the inability to recall events immediately preceding an accident or injury, but without loss of earlier memory
retrograde amnsesia
the portion of memory that is more or less permanent, corresponding to everything we "know"
long term memory
portion of long term memory that stores general facts and information
semantic memory
portion of long term memory that stores specific info that has personal meaning
episodic memory
memory for info that either was not intentionally commited to memory or that is retrieved unintentionally from memory
implicit memory
memory that was intentionally commited to memory or intentionally retrieved from memory
explicit memory
the process by which new information interferes with old information already in memory
retroactive interference
the process by which old material already in memory interfers with new info
proactive interference
when people reconstruct memories as time passes
reconstructive memory
a type of memory loss that has no known neurological origin
repression(hysterical amnsesia)
a set of beliefs or expectations about something that is based on past experiences
our recollection of events that happened in our life and when those events take place
-central to self-identity
autobiographical memory
a vivid memory of a certain memory and the incidents surrounding it even after a long time had passed
-often one that is shocking or highly significant
flashbulb memory
the ability to reproduce unusually sharp and detailed images of something one has seen
eidetic imagery
someone with higher developed memory skills
techniques that make material easier to remember
inability to remember events fro approx. first 2 years of life
infantile amnsesia
is traced to brain damage caused by an accident, surgery, poor diet, or disease
memory loss
encoding verbal info for storage according to how it sounds
encoding in STM
memories are encoded in nonverbal images' most of info is encoded in terms of meaning
encoding in LTM