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13 Cards in this Set

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antidepressant drugs
drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety.
tranquilizers
drugs commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness, anxiety, or worry.
lithium carbonate
a drug frequently given to people suffering from bipolat disorder.
placebo effect
the apparent success of a medication or treatment that is due to the patient's expectations or hopes rather than to the drug or treatment itself.
psychosurgery
any surgical procedure that destorys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behavior.
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced.
psychoanalysis
a method of "depth" psychotherapy developed by Freud, emphazising the exploration of unconscious motives and conflicts.
free association
in psychodynamic therapies, the process of saying freely whatever comes to mind in connection with dreams, memories, fantasies, or conflicts.
psychodynamic therapies
psychotherapies that share the goal of exploring the unconscious dynamics of personality, although they differ from Freudian analysis in various ways.
transference
in psychodynamic therapies, a critical process in which the client transfers inconscious emotions or reactions, such as emotional feelings about his or her parents, onto the therapist.
behavior therapy
a form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviors.
systematic desensitization
in behavior therapy, a step-by-step process of desensitizing a client to a feared object or experience; it is based on the classical-conditioning procedure of counter-conditioning.
graduated exposure
in behavior therapy, a method in which a person suffering from an anxiety disorder, such as a phobia or panic attacks, is taken directly into the feared situation until the anxiety subsids.