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13 Cards in this Set

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Universal
characteristics that are similar in all cultures
Examples of universe
All cultures:
-have some form of status hierarchy
-same basic emotions
-express these emotions the same way
-flexible, learn & adapt to the environment
Cultural diffrences
Characteristics that differ from one culture to another.
Examples of cultural diffrences
-cultures differ in some criteria for social status
ex: USA-$ India-inherit status
- cultures differ in rules to what emotions should be experienced "feeling rules", & expressed "display".
ex: UTKU eskimo-no anger Kaluli- less regulated anger
What produces universal and diffrences?
(1)Biological evolution
(2)Cultural learning
Biological evolution
evolution
genetic mutation
natural selection
evolutionary psychology
evolution
the historical development of different groups of organisms
genetic mutation
biological processes that generates diffrences within a group of organisms. ex: skin color
Natural selection
evolutionary processes by which characteristics that help organisms survive and reproduce in particular environments over time.
evolutionary psychology
the study of evolution of psychological and behavioral characteristics using principles of natural selection.
culture
the endduring behaviors, ideasm attitudes and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
Basic units: norms & roles
Norms
a rule for a person that they ought to behave
General info on norms
-all cultures have them
-they can change over time
-w/in cultures norms depend on type of person and situation