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57 Cards in this Set

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Consciousness
person's awareness of sensations, thoughts, feelings, etc. at a given moment
Walking Consciousness
varies from more active to more passive states
Altered states of consciousness
naturally occuring sleep and dreaming; hypnotic and drug induced states
REM; Rapid Eye Movement
increase in heart rate, rise in blood pressure, increase in breathing, males erections; when dreams occur
Freud
manifest content (story line)
latent content
true meaning
biological clock
regulates consciousness via circadian rhythms; decrease in available light (sunset)
circadian rhythms
cyclical daily fluctuations in biological and psychological
sunset
release of melatonin from pineal gland; produces sleepiness; melatonin production rises and falls
altered states of consciousness
daydreaming, meditation, hypnosis, drugs, religious experiences
alcohol dreams
dream less - dream more next night - REM Reload
bazaar dreams occur...
near wake-up
EEG
measures amplitude and frequency of waves
Stage 1
wakefulness - sleep; rapid low waves, no dreams first time
Stage 2
more consistant; spindles
Stage 3
slower with higher peaks and lower valleys
Stage 4
slower and more regular, least responsive to outside stimuli; deep sleep
REM sleep
20% adult sleeping time, just eyes moving, inconsistant/irregular heartbeat, increase in bloodpressure/breathing, erections, dreams, body is paralyzed
why do we sleep
restorative theory (rest), ecological/adaptive theory
where do stimulants cause arousal
central nervous system
stimulants are...
caffeine, nicotene; cocaine, amphetamines
depressants decrease arousal in...
central nervous system
depressants are...
alcohol, intoxication/euphoria
alcohol
most frequently used depressant, alcoholism
morphine and heroin
narcotics
narcotics
produce relaxation and relieve pain and anxiety; addictive and dangerous
hallucinogens
produce hallucinations
marijuana, LSD, Ecstasy
Hallucinogens
proactive drug
drugs that influence a person's emotions, perceptions, behavior
coffee, beer
proactive drug
addictive drugs
drugs that produce a biological or psychological dependence in the user
biologically based addiction
body can not function with out drug
psychologically based addiction
need it for daily stress
stimulants
causes rise in heart rate, blood pressure, a muscular tension
caffeine
stimulant, mimics adenosine
cocaine
stimulant
dopamine (cocaine stimulant)
chemical that transmit between neurons messages that are realted to feelings of pleasure
amphetamines
strong stimulants; energy and alertness
dexedrine and benzedrine(speed)
amphetamine
depressants
slow down nervous system; neurons fire slowly
binge drinking
men- 5 or more drinks, women- 4 or more drinks
barbiturates
form of depressant; reduce stress, induce sleep
nembutal, seconal, phenobarbital
barbiturates
rohypnol
date rape
narcotics
increase relaxation and relieve pain and anxiety
morphine, heroin
narcotics
methadone
cravings
MDMA and LSD
affect serotonin
alcohol myopia
inability of intoxicated persons to foresee the negative consequences of their actions - they do things they wouldnt normally do when sober
alcohol long term effects
damage to pancreas, liver, and brain cells
alcohols effects on immune system
suppresses
marijuana
acts on cannaboid receptors THC, negative effects on memory, coordination
marijuana medical risks
reduces nausea+ , affects driving, lots of tar
LSD
serotonin receptors(alert), hallucinations, low toxicity
LSD benefits and risks
mind expanding, psychosis
MDMA
the love drug, 5-6 hour euphoric feeling, stimulant at low doses
MDMA effects on brain
similar to mescaline, physically toxic, hyperthermia, short term depression