Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the scientific discipline that attempts to understand and explain how the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of individuals are influenced by others
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
the way we seek to know and understand other persons and events
SOCIAL PERCEPTION
the process of integrating various sources of information about a person into an overall judgement
IMPRESSION FORMATION
a fixed set of beliefs about people that puts them into categories and doesn't allow for individual variation
STEROTYPE
the belief that physically attractive individuals possess socially desirable personality traits and lead happier, more fulfilling lives than less attractive persons do
PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS STEROTYPE
attitudes toward members of specific groups that directly or indirectly suggest they deserve an inferior social status
PREJUDICE
a negative and/or patronizing action toward members of a specific social group
DISCRIMINATION
a theory of prejudice contending that when two groups comete for scarce resources this competition creates a breeding ground for prejudice
REALISTIC GROUP CONFLICT THEORY
a pattern of increased hostility toward outgroups, accompanied by increased loyalty to one's ingroup
ETHNOCENTRISM
the tension and distress sometimes experienced when interacting with a person from a different social group
INTERGROUP ANXIETY
the process by which people use information to make inferences about the causes of behaviors or events
ATTRIBUTION
an attribution that locates the cause of an event in factors internal to the person, such as personality traits, moods, attitudes, abilities or effort
INTERNAL ATTRIBUTION
an attribution that locates the cause of an event in factors external to the person, such as luck, other people or the situation
EXTERNAL ATTRIBUTION
a theory of attribution asserting that people rely on consensus, consistency and distinctiveness information when assigning causes for events
COVARIATION MODEL
the tendency to make internal attributions rather than external attributions in explaining the behavior of others
FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR
a positive or negative evaluation of an object
ATTITUDE
the tendency to develop more positivev feelings toward objects and individuals the more frequently we are exposed to them
MERE EXPOSURE EFFECT
the process of consously attempting to change attitudes through the transmission of some message
PERSUASION
a theory that there are two ways in which persuasive messages can cause attitude change, each differing in the amount of cognitive effor or elaboration they require
ELABORATION LIKELIHOOD MODEL
a feeling of discomfort caused by performing an action inconsistent with one's attitudes
COGNITIVE DISSONANCE
the exercise of social power by a person or group to change the attitudes or behavior of others in a certain direction
SOCIAL INFLUENCE
a yielding to perceived group pressure
CONFORMITY
publily acting in accord with a direct request
COMPLIANCE
the expectation that one should return a favor or a good deed
RECIPROCITY NORM
the performance of an action in response to a direct order
OBEDIENCE
any form of behavior that is intended to harm or injure a person, onself or an object
AGGRESSION
the intentional use of harmful behavior in order to achieve some other goal
INSTRUMENTAL AGGRESSION
the intentional use of harmful behavior with the goal of causing injury or death to the victim
HOSTILE AGGRESSION
a belief in which males are socialied to protect their reputation by resporting to violence
CULTURE OF HONOR
a theory of aggression stating that aversive events produce negative affect, which stimulates the inclination to aggress
COGNITIVE-NEOASSOCIATIONIST MODEL
A situation in which people are inhibited from helping due to a fear or being negatively evaluated by other bystanders if they intervene and it turns out not to be an emergency
AUDIENCE INHIBITION EFFECT
the belief that the presence of others in a situation makes one less personally responsible for events that occur in the situation
DIFFUSION OF RESPONSIBILITY
the proposition that people are attracted to others who are similar to them in certain characteristics, such as attitudes and physical attractiveness
MATCHING HYPOTHESIS
a theory that people desire cognitive consistency, or "balance," in their thoughts, feelings and social relationships
BALANCE THEORY
a state of intense longing for union with another that we typically experience most intensely during the early stages of a romantic relationship
PASSIONATE LOVE
the affection we feel for those with whom our lives are deeply entwined
COMPASIONATE LOVE
the negative emotional reaction experienced when a real or imagined rival threatens a relationship important to one's self-concept
JEALOUSY