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28 Cards in this Set

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health psychology
investigates the psychological factors related to wellness and illness, including the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of medical problems
psychoneuroimmunology
the study of the relationship among psychological factors, the immune system, and the brain
stress
the reponse to events called stressors that threaten individuals and tax their coping abilities
psychopysiological disorders
medical problems that are influenced by an interaction of psychological, emotional, and physical difficulties
devastating stressors
cataclysmic events
cataclysmic events
strong stressors that occur suddenly and typically affect many people simultaneously; unexpected/uncontrollable
stressors among college students
conflicts with boyfriend/girlfriend, gossip, etc.
general adaptation syndrome
proposed by endocrinologist Hans Selye; how we respond to stressors
general adaptation syndrome
alarm and mobilization stage, resistance stage, exhaustion stage
alarm and mobilization
become aware of the presence of a stressor
resistance stage
preparation to fight stressor
exhaustion stage
negative consequences of the stress appear
negative physiological effects of stress
anger, frustration, short temper, anxiety, hopelessness, and depression
negative cognitive effects of stress
impaired concentration, faulty thinking and decision making, and poor memory
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
phenomenon in which victims of major catastrophes re-experience the originial event and the associated feelings in vivid flashbacks or dreams
3 categories of stressors
personal stressors, background stressors (daily hassles), and uplifts
personal stressors
major life events that produce an immediate major reactions that soon tapers off
Background stressors (daily hassles)
minor irretations of life that we all face time to time
uplifts
minor positive events that make one feel good
coping
the efforts to control, reduce, or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress
negative methods of coping
learned helplessness, defense mechanisms
learned helplessness
based on Seligman's research; a point at which people conclude that unpleasant or aversive stimuli cannot be controlled
defense mechanisms
reactions that maintain a person's sense of control and self worth by distorting or denying the actual nature of the situation
positive methods of coping
emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping
emotion-focused coping
method of managing emotion in the face of stress by seeking to change the way they feel or perceive a problem
problem-focused coping
attempts to modify the stressful problem or source of the stress
who copes best with stressors
people who exhibit hardiness
lower rate or stress-related illness
commitment, challenge