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44 Cards in this Set

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the viewpoint from the field of medicine that psychological disorders have a biological basis and can be classified into discrete categories just as physical diseases are.
Medical Mode
a sign of a disorder
Symptom
process of distinguishing one disorder from another
Diagnosis
initial cause that led to the development of the disorder
Etiology
prediction about the likely course of a disorder
Prognosis
he contended that mental illness is a "myth"
Thomas Szasz
abolve/below avg. frequency ->
psychological disorder
Maladaptive
pattern of atypical behavior that results in personal distress or significal impairment in a person's social or occupational functioning
Psychological disorder
disordered/normal behaviors cannot be choosen-controlled by unconscious forces shaped by childhood experiences
psychodynamic perspective
disordered behavior caused by factors unknown in environment and is the product of learning
behavioral perspective
ineffective/inaccurate thinking is the root cause of mental illness
cognitive perspective
purpose that mental illness is the product of broad and social cultural forces
sociocultural perspective
bound syndromes - psychological disorders found only in a few cultural groups
culture
include neuroscience/evolutionary perspectives-caused by genetics, hormone levels or neurotransmitters activity in brain
biological perspective
stress model-a predisposition to a given disorder that combines with environmental stressors to trigger a psychological disorder
diathesis
attribute that serves to discredit a person in the eyes of others
stigma
the menaual psychological disorderspublished by the American Psychiatric Association and used for descriptive diagnosis
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behavior
Anxiety disorders
an anxiety disorder characterized by episodes of intense fear and dread that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly
Panic Disorder
a fear of going out to public or open spaces
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by strong irrational fears of specific objects or situations
Phobic Disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by a constant state ofmoderate anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by repetitive, unwanted and distressing actions and or thoughts
obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by flashbacks and recurrent thoughts of life-threatening orother traumatic events
Post-Traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes that cause significant disruptions in daily functioning
mood disorders
a mood disorder characterized by extreme and persistent negative moods and the inability to experience pleasure from activities previously enjoyed
depression
chronic low-level depression lasting morethan 2 years
dysthymia
an excessively elated, active emotional state
mania
a mood disorder characterized by swings between the emotional extremes ofmania and depression
bipolar disorder
a subtype of depression characterized by depressive symptoms during the winter months, when daylight hours are reduced
seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
psychological disorders characterized by disruptions in consciousness, memory, sense of identity or perception
dissociative disorders
a dissociative disorder characterized by a sudden departure from home or work, combined with a loss of memory of identity andthe assumption ofa new identity
dissociaitive fuge
a dissociaitive disorder characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personalities that take turns controlling the person's behavior
dissociaitive identity disorder (DID)
psychological disorders characterized by severe impairment in thinking, such as hallucinations, delusions or loose associations
schizophrenia
most prominent symptom is some extreme level of motor activity
catatonic schizophrenia
set of symptoms have changed
undifferentiated schizophrenia
hadmajor symptoms but not currently experiencing them
residual schizophrenia
psychological disorders involving some body symptom, even though there is no actual physical cause of the symptom
somatoform disorder
somatoform disorder characterized by a specific sensory or motor symptom that has a physiological rather than a physical basis
conversion disorder
somatoform disorder characterized by a series of numerous physical complaints that have a physiological rather than physical basis
somatization disorder
somatoform disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with or fear of developing some physical condition
hypochondriasis
somatoform disorder characterized by preoccupation with an imagined physical defect that causes significant distress or interferes with daily functioning
body dysmorphic disorder
characterized by general styles of living that are ineffictive and that lead to problems
personality disorders
characterized by a persistent pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others
antisocial personality disorder