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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
biological psychologists
psychologists who analyze the biological factors influencing behavior and mental processes
developmental psychologists
psychologists who seek to understand, describe, and explore how behavior and mental processes change over the course of a lifetime
cognitive psychologists
psychologists who study the mental processes underlying judgment, decision making, problem solving, imagining, and other aspects of human thought or cognition
engineering psychology
a field in which psychologists study human factors in the use of equipment and help designers create better versions of that equipment
personality psychologists
psychologists who study the characteristics that make individuals similar to, or different from, one another
clinical and couseling psychologists
psychologists who seek to assess, understand, and change abnormal behavior
community psychologists
psychologists who work to obtain psychological services for people in need of help and to prevent psychological disorders by working for changes in social systems
health psychologists
psychologists who study the effects of behavior and mental processes on health and illness, and vice versa
educational psychologists
psychologists who study methods by which instructors and students learn and who apply their results to improving such methods
school psychologists
psychologists who test IQ's, diagnose students' academic problems, and set up programs to improve students' achievement
social psychologists
psychologists who study how people influence one another's behavior and mental processes, individually and in groups
industrial/organizational psychologists
psychologists who study ways to improve efficiency, productivity, and satisfaction among workers and the organizations that employ them
quantitative psychologists
psychologists who develop and use statistical tools to analyze research data
sport psychologists
psychologists who explore the relationships between athletic performance and such psychological variables as motivation and emotion
forensic psychologists
psychologists who assist in jury selection, evaluate defendants' mental competence to stand trial, and deal with other issues involving psychology and the law
environmental psychologists
psychologists who study the effects of the physical environment on behavior and mental processes
biological approach
an approach to psychology in which behavior and behavior disorders are seen as the result of physical processes, especially those relating to the brain and to hormones and other chemicals
evolutionary approach
an approach to psychology that emphasizes the inherited, adaptive aspects of behavior and mental processes
psychodynamic approach
a view developed by Freud that emphasizes the interplay of unconscious mental processes in determining human though, feelings, and behavior
behavioral approach
an approach to psychology emphasizing that human behavior is determined mainly by what a person has learned, especially from rewards and punishments
cognitive approach
a way of looking at human behavior that emphasizes research on how the brain takes in information, creates perceptions, forms and retrieves memories, processes information, and generates integrated patterns of action
humanistic approach
an approach to psychology that views behavior as controlled by the decisions that people make about their lives based on their perceptions of the world
culture
the accumulation of values, rules of behavior, forms of expression, religious beliefs, occupational choices, and the like for a group of people who share a common language and environment