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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychological disorder
condition in which a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior is judged to be dysfunctional
mental health professionals concerns with psychological disorder
whether behavior is 1-seriously discomforting/distressing or 2-maladaptive. must not be a reaction, but an internal condition.
interfere's with individual's ability to functionor is harmful to others
supernatural view
abnormal behavior indicates presence of evil spirits
drill hole in skull to release evil spirits
naturalistic view
natural causes source of abnormal behavior (as for any other disease)
general paresis
20th century discovery, like schizophrenia, linked to STD, physical disease
Normal vs. Abnormal
a difference of type: takes a categorical approach to classification
a difference of degree: takes a dimensional approach to classification
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - groups 320 disorders in multiaxial fashion - describe disorder/prevalance without presuming cause or suggesting treatment
biological/medical model
cause=physiological/hereditary factors
psychoanalytic model
cause=psychological factors
Freud's explanation from mental disorders
mental disorders result from unresolved, mostly unconcious(repressed) impulses, ideas, feelings that clash with demands of enviro/society
learning/behavioral model
mental disorders result from problematic learning experiences; maladaptive behaviors learned just like normal behaviors
cognitive model
mental disorders result from inappropriate/maladaptive thinking patterns
sociocultural model
psych disorders influenced by cultural factors
culture-bound syndromes
recurring patterns of maladaptive behavior that are limited to specific cultural group/location
diathesis-stress model
stressful conditions act upon biological predisposition
bio-psycho-social model
interactionist approach - multiple risk factors act together
mood disorders
characterized by prolonged disturbance of mood or emotional affect
major depressive disorder
(mood disorder)emotionally extreme depression that doesn't go away (must last longer than 2 weeks). characterized by serious/long lasting loss of appetite, lethargy, feelings of worth/hope-lessness
(mood disorder) a less intense sadness and depression that doesn't go away(for a period of at least 2 years)
bipolar disorder
(mood disorder) depression alternates with periods of "mania"
an overexcited, hyperactive state
learned helplessness
a learned expectation that one cannot control important life outcomes, resulting in apathy and depression
"vicious cycle" of depression
depression elicits social rejection, which in turn worsens the depression
anxiety disorders
anxiety becomes unusually intense or doesn't go away and is inappropriate to the circumstances - motor tension / hyperactivity
feelings of fear/apprehension
generalized anxiety disorder
(anxiety disorder)persistant (min. 1 mo.) feeling of anxiety or fear that is not attached to any particular thing or circumstance
specific phobia
(anxiety disorder)persistant, intense &/or irrational feeling of fear of a specific object or situation
(anxiety disorder)involves multiple fears, esp. those involving situations that involve being separated from sources of security
panic disorder
(anxiety disorder)recurrent and sudden "panic attacks"
panic attack
unprovoked episode of intense dread or terror
obsessive compulsive anxiety disorder
(anxiety disorder)unwanted, repetitive thoughts (obsessions) &/or actions(compulsions)
post-taumatic stress disorder
(anxiety disorder)anxiety symptoms(flashbacks, outbursts) following some traumatic event
somatoform disorders
when psych disorders take physical form - physical illness with no organic basis
conversion disorder
(somatoform disorder)an anxiety or stressor that is converted to physicl form (deaf, blind, paralyzed, pregnant)
(somatoform disorder)stron unjustified fear of illness usually accompanied by reports of vague symptoms
psychosomatic disorder
have a physical basis - real physical illness largely brought on by stress and anxiety
dissociative disorders
sudden loss/dissociation from memory or change of identity
dissociative amnesia
(dissociative disorder)selective memory loss often brought on by extreme stress - selectivity seperates from 'organic' amnesia
(dissociative disorder)"flight" - sudden loss of memory and assumption of new identity in a new locale
multiple personality disorder
(dissociative disorder)aka dissociative identity disorder - 2 or more identities that emerge @ different times (one passive, one compulsive)
personality disorder
disorder with personality that is highly inflexible and maladaptive
paranoid personality
(odd/eccentric) suspicious
schizoid personality
(odd/eccentric) socially isolated and emotionally detached
schizotypal personality
(odd/eccentric) schizoid + odd thinking patterns -eccentric beliefs, overt suspicion, overt hostility
historinic personality
(dramatic/emotionally probelem.) melodramatic, attention seeking
narcissistic personality
(dramatic/emotionally probelem.) self-centered, ego-inflated
antisocial personality
(dramatic/emotionally probelem.) chronic pattern of self-centered, manipulative, destructive behavior towards others
borderline personality
(dramatic/emotionally probelem.) instable selfimage, mood, social relationships - lack of clear identity
avoidant personality
(chronic fearfulness/avoidant) extreme fear of rejection, avoids new relationships, social commitments
dependent personality
(chronic fearfulness/avoidant) lack self-confid, cling to stronger personality
obsessive-compulsive personality
(chronic fearfulness/avoidant) perfetionistic
passive-aggressive personality
(chronic fearfulness/avoidant) procrastination/stuborness designed to frustrate others
Flat affect
severe reduction in emotional expressiveness
false beliefs
false sensory experiences
schizophrenia disorders
"split mind";1-disorganized thought/speech, 2-disturbed preceptions, 3-inapppropriate emotions/actions
undiferentiated schizophrenia
patients that display several of the characteristic symptoms (no one symptom is more prominent)
catatonic schizophrenia
disturbances of motor activity prominent
disorganized schizophrenia
bizarre emotional rxns, childlike behavior
residual schizophrenia
patient who has experienced prior schizophrenic episodes but is not currently displaying symptoms
paranoid schizophrenia
complex dillusions and extreme suspiciousness
antianxiety drugs
trnaquilizing medications used in treatment of anxiety
relieve depression by increasing norepinephrine, serotonin, or dopamine
mood stabilizers
lithium used to control mood swings in people with bipolar disorder
antipsychotic drugs
used to contro positive symptoms of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
electroconvulsive therapy - electric shock therapy treatments that often relieve severe depression by triggering seizures in the brain
the surgical removal of portions of the brain for the purpose of treating psychological disorders