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14 Cards in this Set

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Flashbulb Memory
Memories of emotionally charged or especially memorable events that have been claimed to be particularly vivid and accurate.
Schema
A person's knowledge about what is involved in a particular experience. For example: what people usually say happens at the doctor is their "doctor schema"
Script
A type of schema. The conception of the sequence of actions that describe a particular activity. Exactly like schema????????
Egocentric bias
The tendency for people to see themselves in the best possible light.
Consistency Bias
The tendency for people to perceive their basic attitudes and behaviors as remaining fairly consistent over time.
Positive-Change Bias
The tendency for people to perceive that "things are getting better"
False Memory
Memories of something that didn't happen
Misinformation Effect
Occurs when misleading information presented to a person who witnessed an event can change how that person describes the event later
Source Misattribution
The inability to distinguish whether the original event or some later event was the source of the information
Jacoby Famous Names Theory
Given names that are famous and nonfamous then they give them a test on the names for the people to say which are famous and which aren’t.
Then the next day they are given the same list and the people say the nonfamous people from the first one are famous
Misinformation Acceptance
When people accept additional information as having been part of an earlier experience without actually remembering that information
Imagination Inflation
Imagining that something happened increases later memory reports that it actually did happen
Source Memory
Memory of the exact source of the information
Processing Fluency
The ease with which something comes to mind.