Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/83

Click to flip

83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
time of deprivation that leads to irreversible changes
6 months
4 W's of infant deprivation:
weak - low muscle tone
wordless - poor language skil
wanting - poor socialization skills
wary - lack of basic trust
depression in an infant owing to continued separation from caregiver
anaclitic depression
bed-wetting in a previously toilet-trained child when hospitalized
regression in children
pt. with severe communication problem + difficulty forming relationship + savant abilities + below-normal intelligence
autistic disorder
treatment of autism
increase communication and social skills
mild autism with problems formaing social relationships + normal intelligence
asperger disorder
only in girls + loss of development + mental retardating at age 4
rett disorder
limited attention spand and hyperactivity
ADHD
ADHD treatment
methylphenidate
continued behavior violating social norms
conduct disorder
at > 18 y.o., diagnose as antisocial personality disorder
conduct disorder
child is noncompliant in the absence of criminality
oppositional defiant disorder
motor/vocal tics + involuntary profanity + < 18 y.o.
tourette's syndrome
treatment of tourettes
haloperidol
fear of loss of attachment figure leading to factitious physical complaints to avoid going to school
separation anxiety disorder
peak incidence of sexual abuse
9-12 years of age
usual physical abuser of a child
usually female and the primary caregiver
high NE
low GABA
low SER
anxiety
low NE
low SER
depression
low ACH
alzheimer's
low GABA
low ACh
huntington's
high dop
schizophrenia
low dop
parkinson's
unaware that one is ill
anosognosia
unable to locate one's own body parts
autotopagnosia
feels the body seems unreal or dissociated
depersonalization
can't make new memories
anterograde amnesia
inability to remember things that occurred before a cns insult
retrograde amnesia
an anterograde amnesia associated with confabulations
korsakoff's amnesia
most common psychiatric illness on medical/surgical floors
delirium
abnormal EEG + waxing and waning level of consciousness
delirium
rapid decrease in attention spand and level of arousal
delirium
gradual onset memory loss in an alert patient
dementia
perceptions in the absence of external stimuli
hallucinations
misinterpretations of actual external stimuli
illusions
false beliefs not shared with other members of culture/subculture despite obvious proof of the contrary
delusions
disorder in the form of thought - how they're tied together
loose associations
hallucinations common in schizophrenia
visual and auditory
hallucintion in aura of psychomotor epilepsy
olfactory
"cocaine bugs"
tactile hallucinations
hallucination upon going to sleep
hypnaGOgnic
hallucination upong waking up
hypnopompic
psychosis and disturbed behaviour with a decline in function lasting more than 6 months
schizophrenia
periods of psychosis and disturbed behaviour with a decline in function lasting 1 - 6 months
schizophreiform disorder
psychosis and disturbed behavior with a decline in functioning lasting less than a month
brief psychotic disorder
"positive symptoms" of schizophrenia:
delusions
hallucinations
loose associations
disorganized or catatonic behavior
"negative symptoms" of schizophrenia:
flat affect
social withdrawal
lack of motivation
lack of speech or thought
schizophrenia presents earlier in males or females?
men
occurence of schizophrenia (males and females)
=
combination of schizophrenia and a mood disorder
schizoaffective disorder
5 subtypes of schizophrenia
disorganized
catatonic
paranoid
undifferentiated
residual
like manic episode except mood disturvance not severe enough to cause marked impairment of social/occupational functioning or hospitalization
hypomanic episode
distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least 1 week
manic episode
symptoms of manic episode:
DIG FAST -
distractability
irresponsibility
grandiosity
flight of ideas - racing thoughs
agitation/increase in goal-directed activity
decreased SLEEP
TALKATIVENESS or pressured speech
# of symptoms needed to diagnose manic episode
3
combinations of manic, hypomanic, and depressed episodes
bipolar disorder
drug of choice for bipolar
lithium
milder form of bipolar disorder lasting at least 2 years
cyclothymic disorder
higher incidence of major depressive disorder: m/f
female 10 - 25%
2 or more depressive episodes with a sx-free interval of 2 months
major depressive disorder
milder form of depression lasting at least 2 years
dysthymia
characterizations of a major depressive episode:
SIG E CAPS:
sleep disturvbance
loss of Interest = anhedonia
guilt
loss of Energy
loss of Concentration
change in Appetite
Psychomotor retardation or agitation
Suicidal ideations
dx of major depressive episodes
at least 5 of the characteristics, including either DEPRESSED MOOD or ANHEDONIA
risks for suicide completion
SAD PERSONS-
SEX (male)
AGE (teenager or elderly)
DEPRESSION
PREVIOUS attempt
loss of ENERGY
RATIONAL thinking
SICKNESS (med. or >3 drugs)
ORGANIZED plan
NO spouse
SOCIAL support lacking
changes in sleep stages of depressed patients:
-decreased slow-wave sleep
-decrease REM latency
-increased REM early in sleep cycle
-increased total REM sleep
-repeated nighttime awakenings
-early-morning awakenings
treatment option for major depressive disorder refractory to other treatment
electroconvulsive therapy
recurrent periods of intense fear and discomfort pearking in 10 minutes with associated sxs
panic disorder
panic disorder symptoms
PANICS
palpitation
parasthesia
abdominal distress
nausea
intense fear of dying or losing control
lIght headedness
chestpain
chills
choking
disConnectedness
sweating
shaking
shortness of breath
fear that's excessive and interferes with normal routing that's cued by precence or anticipation of specific object or situation
specific phobia
treatment of phobias
systemic desensitization
fear of marriage
gamophobia
fear of pain
algophobia
fear of heights
acrophobia
fear of open places
agorophobia
nightmares or flashbacks + avoidance of stimual associated
PTSD
time length to dx PTSD
>1 month disturbance that causes distress or social/occupational impairment
time length of acute stress disorder
2 to 4 weeks
anxiety/depression follwing a psychosocial stressor (divorce/moving) lasting < 6 months
adjustment disorder
uncontrollable anxiety for at least 6 months related to a specific thing/event
generalized anxiety disorder
patient cousciously fakes to have a disorder to attain a specific gain (avoid work, obtain drugs)
malingering
consciously creates sx's in order to get medical attention
munchausen's syndrome
a form of childabuse when child is motivated by parent to create sx's for medical attention
munchausen's syndrome by proxy