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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the tendency to judge the probability of a type of event by how easy it is to think of examples or instances.
availability heuristic
the tendency to overestimate one's ability to have predicted an event once the outcome is known; the "I knew it all along" phenomenon
hindsight bias
the tendency to look for or pay attention only to information that confirms one's own belief
confirmation bias
A state of tension that occurs when a person holds two cognitions that are psychologically inconsisent, or when a person's belief is incongruent with his or her behavior.
cognitive dissonance
-oJustify a choice or decision that you freely made (postdecision dissonance)
oJustify a behavior that conflicts with your view of yourself
oJustify the effort put into a decision or choice
conditions under which people are most likely to reduce dissonance
a theory of intelligence that emphasizes information processing strategies, the abillity to creatively transfer skills to new situations, and to the practical application of intelligence
traiarchic theory of intelligence (Sternberg)
-Items designated by age (adaptive testing)
-No time limit
-Psychologists receive special training in how to administer
-Mean IQ at each age is 100
Stanford Binet
-Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)- age 16 and up
-Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
negative stereotype about ones group causing anxiety and disidentification which equals to worsened performance and reduced motivation
stereotype threat