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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
critical thinking
solving problems through careful evaluation of evidence
decriptive methods
case studies, inteviews, obs
method that allows statment of causation
experimental
deontological position
ethics in light of universal moral code
structuralism
breaking down mental processes
functionalism
purpose of conciousness/behavior
parasympathetic
calming
sympathetic
energizing
afferent
to CNS
efferent
from CNS
medulla
breath, hr, swallow
reticular
sleep/arousal, attention
pons
sleep/arousal
cerebellum
motor relay
hypo
4f's
amygdala
emotion
thalmus
sensory relay
hippo
mem. formation
temporal
sound/smell
occipital
visual
parietal
touch
frontal
plan movement
left hemi
language
right hemi
visual, touch, face rec
Brocca's
speech production
Werrnicke's
lang. comprehension
thyroid
thyroxine
pineal
melatonin
manifest
actual
latent
meaning
sensation
sense organs receive info
perception
select, organize, interpret sensations
psychophysics
relation between sensation/perception
Weber's Law
JND of stimulus constant proportion
Hubel & Weisel
research cortical coding - feature detectors
signal detection
signal + response criterion
transduction
phys energy into sensory neural impulse
iris
amount of light - dilation
pupil
opening
cornea
window
lense
focus
retina
transduction
rods
side of retina
cones
fovea
prosopagnosia
face blind
400
short - violet
500
medium-yello/green
700
long-red
Helmholtz
trichromatic theory
Hering
opponent process theory
loudness
determined by wave amplitude
stroop
color/word - divided attention
Gestaltism
perception not equal to sensation, organization of forms
Ames
size constancy, room
convergence
eyes turn in
retinal disparity
viewfinder
stroboscopic
flipbook
phi phenom
strobe
autokinetic
eyes make small
learning
relative perm change in bevior due to experience
classical
Pavlov - 2 stimili
operant
rewards - trial/error
UCS
food
UCR
salivation unlearned
CS
neutral bell
CR
salvation to bell
generalization
respond to stimulus similar to CS
acquisition
formation of learned response
reinforcement optimal
when CS cause of UCS
Thorndike
law of effect - reponses with positive outcome repeated
Skinner
Behaviorism, reinforcement guides tp behavior (succesive approximations)
Sched of reinforce success
FR, VR, FI, VI
memory
retention of info over time
info processing model of memory
encode, store, retrieve
Atkinson-Shiffrin Theory
flow of info w/in processing model (diagram of mem)
Sperling
Evidence for sensory memory
iconic
visial (1/4)
echoic
aud (3)
Miller
7+/-2
factors in STM
attention, rehearsal, chunking
LTM
procedural, declarative, semantic, visually code
LTM retention
elaboration, imagery, mnemonics, organization
method of loci
pic to associate
keyword
one a bun
Gall
phrenology
Lasley
engram
Penfield
brain stimulation
Hebb
cell assemblies
anterograde
can't store new
explicit mem
answer to direct - disrupt in Amn
implicit
effect performance, intact with amn
decay theory
lack of activation
retroactive
B disrupt A
proactive
A disrupt B
encoding specificity
music/test room
serial position
prmacry, recency
generativity
limited words unlimited expression
babbling
3-6 mos
holophrase
1 wd, 8-16
telegraphic
short, precise, 2-3wd 18-24 mos
Gibson
depth perception, visual cliff
Paiget
cog development way of adapt to enviro
sensorimotor
(birth-2)object perm, stranger
preoperationl
(2-7)lack logic, pretend, egocentrism
concrete operational
(7-11)contcrete events, abs logic
formal operational
(12-adult) mature, moral reasoning
Kohlberg
moral development
preconventional
reward/punish
conventional
please others
postconventional
principles
Erikson
8 psychosocial stages
Harlow
mokeys, surrogate
Lorenz
imprinting
personality
distinct anr relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, feelings, motives, behavior
projective tests
rorsharch, thematic aperreception test
self-report
MMPI-2
5 factors of personality
OCEAN
Maslow
hierarchy (phys, safe, love, esteem, actualize)
sexual response
excite, plateau, orgasm, resolution