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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter that controls muscel contractions. Causes Alzheimer's.
Dopamine
Inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in voluntary movements, learning and memory, and emotional arousal. Parkinson's & Schizophrenia
Noradrenaline
Excitatory neurotransmitter. speeds up body processes, learning memory, eating
Serotonin
Inhibitory. emotional arousal, mood, sleep, eating. Depression, aggression, eating disorders, insomnia.
Endorphins
Inhibitory. Inhibits pain. Self confidence, runner's high.
Axon
Part of the neuron which sends impulses to other neurons
Dendrites
recieves impulses from other neurons
Synapse
Junction between the axon and dendrites or cell body of another neuron.
Medulla
Oblong area of the brain involved in regulation of heartbeat and respiration
Pons
Struction of the hindbrain involved in respiration, attention, and sleep and dreaming
Cerebellum
Part of the hindbrain involved in muscel coordination and balence.
Reticular Activating System
Part of the brain involved in attention, sleep, and arousal.
Hypothalamus
Structure below the thalamus involved in body tempoerature, motivation, and emotion
Thalamus
Area near the center of the brain involved in the relay of sensory information to the cortex and in the functions of sleep and attention.
Limbic System
Group of structures involved in memory, motivation and emotion that forms a fringe along the inner edge of the cerebrum
Amygdala
Part of the limbic system that apparently facilitates stereotypical aggressive responses
Cerebrum
lARGE MASS OF THE FOREBRAIN, WHICH CONSISTS OF TWO HEMISPHERES.
Corpus Callosum
A think fiber bundle that connects the hemispheres of the cortex.
Somatic Nervous System
Connects the central nervous system with sensory receptors, skeletal muscels, and the surface of the body.
Autonomic Nervous System
Regulates glands and activites such as heartbeat, respiration, digestion, and dilation of the pupils.
Motor cortex
In the frontal lobe, causes parts of our body to move.
Wernicke's area
Part that comprehends speech and to thiunk of the proper words to express thoughts.
Broca's area
Controls the muscles of the tounge, lips, etc. required to speak
Right side of brain
Creativity
Left side of brain
Logic
Thyroxin
Affects motabilism