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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Positive Symptoms of schizophrenia
delusions, hallucinations, and loose associations; these symptoms can be treatable
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia
signal something missing such as blunted emotional response, lack of motivation
What does the diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia have to say about who is likely to develop schizophrenia and who is not likely to develop schizophrenia?
Some individuals are probably genetically above threshold requiring only a small environmental circumstance. Others simply @ risk will not develop schizo w/o exposure to substantial pathogenic experiences.
How well have the claims of the labeling theory been supported by research?
The claims of the labeling theory have not held up over time.
obsessions that people deal with through compulsive behavior
concerned w/ order, perfection, and following rules for their own sake
Panic Attacks
sudden onset of pounding heart, shortness of breath, or fear of dying
Panic disorder
attacks of intense fear and feeling of doom or terror not justified by the situation
Manic episode
period of abnormally elevated or expansive mood
Depressive Mood
depressed mood and loss of interest in pleasurable activities
Major depression
only depressed mood
Bipolar disorder
individuals have manic episodes and may have intense depression
Causes of ADHD
genes, brain activity, toxins in body, not due to diet
symptoms that feel right to the person
symptoms that are disturbing to the person
Are the symptoms of personality disorder mainly ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic?
Personality disorders
chronic and severe disturbances that substantially inhibit the capacity to love and to work
Anti-social disorder
marked by irresponsible and socially disruptive behavior in a variety of areas
Avoidant personality disorder
percieved inferiority, restrained, and reserved; extreme sensitivity to judgement
Borderline personality disorder
unstable emotions, relationships, self-image; preoccupied w/ abandonment; self-damaging impulsivity
Dependent personality disorder
percieved incompetence; little initiative; feeling helpless
Histrionic personality disorder
rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotions; discomfort if not center of attention; seductive behavior
Narcissistic personality disorder
sense of self-importance; fantasies of unlimited success; lacking empathy
Paranoid personality disorder
preoccupation w/ being harmed or humiliated; persistent grudges
Schizoid personality disorder
few relationships because no desire; little pleasure in anything
odd beliefs or magical thinking, lack of close friends because afraid people will hurt them
characterized by inattention, impulsivity,and hyperactivity
fear of being in places or situations where escape is difficult
irrational fear
Post-traumatic stress disorder
flashbacks and recurrent thoughts of a psychologically distressing event outside the range of human experience
individual starves herself, exercises excessively
binge-and-purge syndrome
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
ex: Michael Jackson; deals with the mind/body problem
Conversion Disorder
change psychologic pain in to physical symptom
convinced that they are always sick
Dissociative Identity Disorder
@ least two separate distinct personalities exist within the same person
involve disturbances in nearly every dimension of human psychology
w/o external stimulation
false beliefs held despite evidence to contrary
Labeling theory
diagnosis is a way of stigmatizing individuals in a society considers deviant
problematic patterns of thought, feeling or behavior that disrupt an individual's sense of well-being
problems in living
Gross disturbances involving a loss of touch w/ reality
All-or-nothing thinking
black or white
"everybody hates me"
Mental Filter
dwell on only negative thoughts
Discounting the positives
if something good happens, it still doesn't mean good
Mind reading
"they are talking about me"
"Fortune telling"
"I am going to fail"
"i should have done this"
"I am such a fat pig"
doesn't want to change
thinks about change but doesn't change
makes a plan to change
make first step @ change
maintaining change
end of change
Automatic thoughts
things individually spontaneously say to themselves and the assumptions they make
Beck's negative triad
neg view of self
neg. view of world
neg view of future
Behavior modification
application of behavioral theories of operant and classical conditioning to change people's behavior
Imaginal experience
imagining being exposed to stimulus
in vivo exposure
live exposure
patient confronts the phobic stimulus all at once
Systematic Desensitization
patient gradually confronts phobic stimulus mentally while in a state that inhibits anxiety
Free association
technique for exploring associational networks and unconscious processes involved in symptom formation
people experience similar thoughts, feelings, fears, wishes, and conflicts in new relationships as they did in the old ones
Unconditional positive regard
expressing an attitude of fundamental acceptance toward the client