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15 Cards in this Set

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Kohlberg
moral reasoning develops in stages according to ability to internalize (pre, conventional, post)
preconventional
doing behaviors that are rewarded, not doing those that are punished
conventional
behaving in ways that will please others - sense of "duty"
postconventional
emphasis on principls like liberty, justice, equality
Erik Erikson
8 "psychosocial"stages to counter Freud's "psychosexual" approach
attachment
deep emotional bond that an infant develops with its primary caretaker (nourishment or need for attachment?)
Harlow
monkeys and surrogate mothers - critical period?
Lorenz
imprinting
imprinting
among newly hatched ducks/geese - instinctive tendancy to follow mother
secure attachment
parent infant relationship - secure when parent present, distressed by separation, delighted by return
(if in early life - more explorative, less dependent)
insecure attachment
parent infant relationship - clings to parent, cries at separation, reacts with anger/apathy to reunion
4 parenting styles
authoritarian (children seen, not heard), authoritative, neglectful, indulgent (spare rod, spoil child)
genetics
branch of bio that deals with mechanism of heredity
heredity
transmission of traits (characteristics of an indiv.) from one generation to another
genes
the smallest biochemical unite of code for a particular trait