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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the spirit of the times
zeitgeist
projection of human attributes
anthropomorphim
as though nature was alive or possessed a soul
animism
nature; knowledge is present at birth
plato
nurture; mind is a blank slate, experience does the writing
aristotle
1st of 3 zeitgeist shifts
the dark ages
accepted both reason & faith as a way of knowing god
st. thomas aquinas
skull readings
phrenology
relationships between physical world & mind (sounds, brightness of colors)
psychophysics, fechner
psychology began as the science of ________.
mental life
started first school of psychology
wilhelm wundt
name of first school of psych
structuralism
2nd of 3 zeitgeist shifts
structuralism period
functionalism supporter
darwin
psychoanalytics supporter
freud
idea that people are basically good given the right environment
humanistic
idea that reason for evil stems from deprivation of basic needs & love
maslow
agreed with evolution, focused on creativity in apes, perception
gestalt
studied science of observable + measurable behavior (vs mind - unseen)
pavlov and watson
3rd of 3 zeitgeist shifts
behaviorism
rewards for lab animals
skinner
indistinctive drift, biology overrides reinforcements
brelands
studied men & women's reactions to undershirts
steve gangestad
proper attitude of a psychologist
open mindedness, skepticism, humility
key components to science
observation, explanation
scientific method
observe, detect regularities, generate hypothesis, observe again
naturalistic observation, case study, survey
descriptive research
become a member of the group you are observing
participant observation
observation of one particular person; involves collection of rich data
case study
are differences based on chance OR are 2 groups really different?
inferential stats
violent films and children
liebart + baron
condition that exposes subjects to INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
experimental condition
condition that doesn't expose subjects to independent variable
control condition
tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it
hindsight bias
2 parts of nervous system
central + peripheral nervous system
building blocks (cells) of the nervous system
neurons
frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when another do so
mirror neurons
these neurons receive
sensory neurons
transfer info. from one neuron to another
inter neurons
these neurons react
motor neurons
chemical messengers that relay info from one human to the next
neurotransmitters
3 important neurotransmitters
serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine
this neurotransmitter affects mood, hunger, sleep, and arousel
serotonin
this neurotransmitter is linked to emotion, intense pleasure; high levels in schizophrenia; low levels in Parkinson's disease
dopamine
this neurotransmitter is linked to alertness and arousel; low levels depress mood
norepinephrine
technology to investigate brain structure
neruimaging
x-ray structural map
CATscan
depicts brain activity "hot spots"
Petscan
internal scanning technique that measures changes in blood flow to specific areas of brain tissue
fMRI
records electical brain activity (hat w/ wires)
psychophysiology EEG
survival (hind brain)
brain stem
emotion + memory (mid brain)
limbic system
information processing, foresight (fore brain)
cerebral cortex
oldest + innermost part of brain, central core
brain stem
part of brain stem that controls heartbeat + breathing
medulla
nerves in brain connect with opposite side of body
cross-over point
extends from rear of brainstem; 2 wrinkled hemispheres; muscular control, motor behavior
cerebellum
cerebellum dysfuncion - a smaller than normal cerebellum is linked to ______.
autism
connects the 2 halves of the cerebellum
pons
on the of brain stem, pair of egg shaped structures
thalamus
inside the brain stem, extends from spinal cord to thalamus; network of neurons that helps control arousal + attention
reticular formation
part of limbic system that controls aggression + fear
amygdala
pleasure center
nucleus accumbens
controls endocrine system, hunger + thirst, sex, sleep
hypothalamus
part of brain for information processing; 80% brain's weight
cerebral cortex
major portion of cortex; abstract thinking, planning, self awareness, judgement
frontal lobe
TOUCH, body sensation, pain, pressure, temperature, electric stimulation
parietal lobe
SIGHT, visual perception, vision, recognition, visual memort
occipital lobe
HEARING, auditory cortex
temperal lobe
the large band of neural fibers connecting the 2 brain hemispheres + carrying messages between them
corpus callosum