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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychology, accepted definition
The scientific study of human behavior and mental processes.
A prediction, inference based on past or similar experiments.
Social Cognitive Neuroscience
a hybrid of different areas of study within psychology.
Levels of Analysis
- Neuron
- Brain Structure
- Individual (whole person)
- Social Interaction
- Group Behavior
- Communities & Culture
Wundt (1832-1920)
Q: color/perception/true/false
M: reaction-time tests & introspection
** Structuralism
Scientific Method
Hypothesis --> Evidence / Available Facts --> Confirm/Disconfirm Hypothesis --> Re-test Hypothesis --> Modify/Reject Hypothesis --> (again)
5 Areas of Psychology
1) Biological / Neuroscience (brain structure)
2) Cognitive (derive significance, interpret reality)
3) Developmental (age, before/after)
4) Social (social context)
5) Personality/Clinical (differences between people)
William James (1842-1910)
Q: why mental processes are stressful
M: "armchair" observation / introspection
** Functionalism
Systematic Empiricism
What keeps psychologists unified.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Q: How does the unconscious affect behavior?
M: case studies of psychoanalysis
** Psychodynamic
John Watson (1878-1958)
Q: How do we learn?
M: observe behavior & lab experimentation
** Behaviorism
Q: How can we help people self-actualize?
M: Phenomenology (understand individual experiences)
** Psychoanalytic & Behavior
Cognitive (1960s-1970s)
Q: How do mental processes work?
M: Experiments
Affective (1980s)
Q: How do emotions work
M: Experiments, observation of behavior & psychology
** People are more than machines!