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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagined group pressure.
conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request while privately disagreeing.
acting in accord with a direct order of command.
conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure.
autokinetic phenomenon
self (auto) motion (kinetic). the apparent movement of a stationary point of light in the dark.
A "we feeling", the extent to which members of a group are bound together, such as by attraction for one another.
normative influence
conformity based on a person's desire to fulfill others' expectations, often to gain acceptance.
informational influence
conformity occurring when people accept evidence about reality provided by other people.
a motive to protect or restore one's sense of freedom. reactance arises when someone threatens our freedom of action.
Sherif's study of norm formation
others' judgements influence people's estimates of the movement of a point of light that actually didn't move. norms for proper answers emeerged and survived both over long periods of time and through succeeding generations of research pps.
Asch's study of group pressure
people listen to others judgments of which of three comparison lines was equal to a standard line and then make the same judgment themselves. when others unanimously gave a wrong answer, the pps conformed 37% of time.
Milgram's obedience studies
elicited extreme form of compliance. 65% of male pps fully obeyed instructions to deliver what were supposedly traumatizing electric shocks to a screaming innocent victim in an adjacent room.